A grant was provided by the Shapiro Summer Research Program at the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health and the University of Wisconsin Paul P. Carbone Comprehensive Cancer Center.
Opioid Analgesics for Pain Control: Wisconsin Physicians' Knowledge, Beliefs, Attitudes, and Prescribing Practices
Article first published online: 9 DEC 2009
© American Academy of Pain Medicine
Volume 11, Issue 3, pages 425–434, March 2010
How to Cite
Wolfert, M. Z., Gilson, A. M., Dahl, J. L. and Cleary, J. F. (2010), Opioid Analgesics for Pain Control: Wisconsin Physicians' Knowledge, Beliefs, Attitudes, and Prescribing Practices. Pain Medicine, 11: 425–434. doi: 10.1111/j.1526-4637.2009.00761.x
Original Research Article
- Issue published online: 2 MAR 2010
- Article first published online: 9 DEC 2009
- Chronic Pain;
- Cancer Pain;
- Substance Abuse
Objective. Opioid analgesics are the drugs of choice for the treatment of moderate to severe acute and cancer pain. Although their role in the management of chronic pain not related to cancer is controversial, there is increasing evidence for their benefit in certain patient populations.
Design. A 32-item survey to assess Wisconsin physicians' knowledge, beliefs, and attitudes toward opioid analgesic use was mailed to 600 randomly selected licensed physicians, resulting in a 36% response rate.
Results. Half of the respondents considered diversion a moderate or severe problem in Wisconsin. A majority considered addiction to be a combination of physiological and behavioral characteristics, rather than defining it solely as a behavioral syndrome. Most physicians felt it lawful and acceptable medical practice to prescribe opioids for chronic cancer pain, but only half held this view if the pain was not related to cancer. Fewer physicians considered such prescribing as lawful and generally accepted medical practice if the patient had a history of substance abuse. About two-thirds of physicians were not concerned about being investigated for their opioid prescribing practices, but some admitted that fear of investigation led them to lower the dose prescribed, limit the number of refills, or prescribe a Schedule III or IV rather than a Schedule II opioid.
Conclusion. Wisconsin physicians who responded to this survey held many misconceptions about the prescribing of opioids. Such views, coupled with a lack of knowledge about laws and regulations governing the prescribing of controlled substances, may result in inadequate prescribing of opioids with resultant inadequate management of pain.