Relational Knowing and Epistemic Injustice: Toward a Theory of Willful Hermeneutical Ignorance
Article first published online: 15 SEP 2011
© by Hypatia, Inc.
Volume 27, Issue 4, pages 715–735, November 2012
How to Cite
Pohlhaus, G. (2012), Relational Knowing and Epistemic Injustice: Toward a Theory of Willful Hermeneutical Ignorance. Hypatia, 27: 715–735. doi: 10.1111/j.1527-2001.2011.01222.x
- Issue published online: 2 OCT 2012
- Article first published online: 15 SEP 2011
I distinguish between two senses in which feminists have argued that the knower is social: 1. situated or socially positioned and 2. interdependent. I argue that these two aspects of the knower work in cooperation with each other in a way that can produce willful hermeneutical ignorance, a type of epistemic injustice absent from Miranda Fricker's Epistemic Injustice. Analyzing the limitations of Fricker's analysis of the trial of Tom Robinson in Harper Lee's To Kill a Mockingbird with attention to the way in which situatedness and interdependence work in tandem, I develop an understanding of willful hermeneutical ignorance, which occurs when dominantly situated knowers refuse to acknowledge epistemic tools developed from the experienced world of those situated marginally. Such refusals allow dominantly situated knowers to misunderstand, misinterpret, and/or ignore whole parts of the world.