Evolutionary Psychology, Ethology, and Essentialism (Because What They Don't Know Can Hurt Us)
Article first published online: 3 NOV 2011
© by Hypatia, Inc.
Volume 27, Issue 1, pages 3–27, Winter 2012
How to Cite
Meynell, L. (2012), Evolutionary Psychology, Ethology, and Essentialism (Because What They Don't Know Can Hurt Us). Hypatia, 27: 3–27. doi: 10.1111/j.1527-2001.2011.01240.x
- Issue published online: 13 JAN 2012
- Article first published online: 3 NOV 2011
- Manuscript Accepted: 15 NOV 2010
- Manuscript Revised: 25 SEP 2010
- Manuscript Received: 10 MAY 2010
In 2002, Evolution and Human Behavior published a study purporting to show that the differences in toy preferences commonly attributed to girls and boys can also be found in male and female vervet monkeys, tracing the origin of these differing preferences back to a common ancestor. Despite some flaws in its design and the prima facie implausibility of some of its central claims, this research received considerable attention in both scientific circles and the popular media. In what follows, I survey some of the problems with this study that seem to be characteristic of research into sex differences in a particular research program in evolutionary psychology. I suggest that an epistemology of ignorance is at work that suppresses the methods and insights of an earlier research program, which emphasized the complexity and contingency that ultimately grounds the variety of human behaviors, in favor of one that has been widely criticized as empirically flawed and politically pernicious. I conclude with some speculative remarks on the persistence of this problematic research program in evolutionary psychology.