Pharmacokinetics and Interaction Profile of Topiramate: Review and Comparison with Other Newer Antiepileptic Drugs


National Center for Epilepsy, PO Box 900, 1301 Sandvika, Norway.


Summary: Standard antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) have a number of pharmacokinetic shortcomings, and AEDs with more favorable profiles would be preferred. The pharmacokinetics and interaction profile of the recently developed AED topiramate (TPM), is reviewed and compared with those of other newer AEDs including lamotrigine (LTG), gabapentin (GBP), vigabatrin (VGB), and oxcarbazepine (OCBZ). Although none of these agents meets all of the criteria of the “ideal” AED from the pharmacokinetic standpoint, a number of these drugs, including TPM, have desirable properties that distinguish them from the older AEDs and should contribute to their clinical utility.