SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    West WJ. On a peculiar form of infantile convulsions. Lancet 1841; 1: 7245.
  • 2
    Sidenvall R, Eeg-Olofsson O. Epidemiology of infantile spasms in Sweden. Epilepsia 1995; 36: 5724.
  • 3
    Riikonen R, Donner M. Incidence and aetiology of infantile spasms from 1960 to 1976: a population study in Finland. Dev Med Child Neurol 1979; 21: 33343.
  • 4
    Ludvigsson P, Olafsson E, Siguroardottir S, Hauser WA. Epidemiologic features of infantile spasms in Iceland. Epilepsia 1994; 35: 8025.
  • 5
    Hauser WA, Annegers JF, Gomez M. Incidence of West syndrome in Rochester, Minnesota [Abstract]. Epilepsia 1991; 32 (suppl 3): 83.
  • 6
    Cowan LD, Hudson LS. The epidemiology and natural history of infantile spasms. J Child Neurol 1991; 6: 35564.
  • 7
    Wendt LV, Rantakallio P, Saukkonen AL, Makinen H. Epilepsy and associated handicaps in a one year birth cohort in northern Finland. Eur J Pediatr 1985; 144: 14951.
  • 8
    Tsuboi TT. Prevalence and incidence of epilepsy in Tokyo. Epilepsia 1988; 29: 10310.
  • 9
    Cowan LD, Bodensteiner JB, Leviton A, Doherty L. Prevalence of the epilepsies in children and adolescents. Epilepsia 1989; 30: 94106.
  • 10
    Koo B, Hwang PA, Logan WJ. Infantile spasms: outcome and prognostic factors of cryptogenic and symptomatic groups. Neurology 1993; 43: 23227.
  • 11
    Riikonen R. A long-term follow-up study of 214 children with the syndrome of infantile spasms. Neuropediatrics 1982; 13: 1423.
  • 12
    Riikonen R. Long-term outcome of West syndrome: a study of adults with a history of infantile spasms. Epilepsia 1996; 37: 36772.
  • 13
    Weinmann HM. Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and its relationship to infantile spasms (West syndrome). In: NiedermeyerE, DegenR, eds. The Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. New York : Alan R. Liss, 1988: 30116.
  • 14
    Lombroso CT. A prospective study of infantile spasms: clinical and therapeutic correlations. Epilepsia 1983; 24: 13558.
  • 15
    Yeargin-Allsopp M, Murphy CC, Oakley GP, et al. A multiple-source method for studying the prevalence of developmental disabilities in children: the Metropolitan Atlanta Developmental Disabilities Study, [published erratum appears i. Pediatrics 1992; 90: 1001. Pediatrics 1992; 89: 624–30.
  • 16
    Murphy CC, Trevathan E, Yeargin-Allsopp M. The prevalence of epilepsy and epileptic seizures among ten-year-old children: results from the Metropolitan Atlanta Developmental Disabilities Study. Epilepsia 1995; 36: 86672.
  • 17
    Murphy CC, Yeargin-Allsopp M, Decoufle P, Drews CD. The administrative prevalence of mental retardation in 10-year-old children in metropolitan Atlanta, 1985–1987. Am J Public Health 1995; 85: 31923.
  • 18
    Murphy CC, Yeargin-Allsopp M, Decoufle P, Drews CD. Prevalence of cerebral palsy among ten-year-old children in metropolitan Atlanta, 1985–1987. J Pediatr 1993; 123: S139.
  • 19
    Drews CD, Yeargin-Allsopp M, Murphy CC, Decoufle P. Legal blindness among 10-year-old children in metropolitan Atlanta: prevalence, 1985–1987. Am J Public Health 1992; 82: 13779.
  • 20
    Drews CD, Yeargin-Allsopp M, Murphy CC, Decoufle P. Hearing impairment among 10 year old children: metropolitan Atlanta, 1985–1987. Am J Public Health 1994; 84: 11646.
  • 21
    Commission on Classification and Terminology of the International League Against Epilepsy. Proposal for revised classification of epilepsies and epileptic syndromes. Epilepsia 1989; 30: 38999.
  • 22
    Commission on Classification and Terminology of the International League Against Epilepsy. Proposal for revised clinical and electroencephalographic classification of epileptic seizures. Epilepsia 1981; 22: 489501.
  • 23
    Commission on Epidemiology and Prognosis, ILAE. Guidelines for epidemiologic studies on epilepsy. Epilepsia 1993; 34: 5926.
  • 24
    Hrachovy RA, Frost JD. Infantile spasms. Pediatr Clin North Am 1989; 36: 31129.
  • 25
    Rothman KJ, Greenland S. Measures of disease frequency. In: Modern epidemiology. 2nd ed. Boston : Little, Brown, 1998: 3740.
  • 26
    Trevathan E, Murphy CC, Yeargin-Allsopp M. The prevalence and descriptive epidemiology of Lennox-Gastaut syndrome among Atlanta children. Epilepsia 1997; 38: 12838.
  • 27
    Hughes JR, Long KJ. Infection as a possible etiology for hypsarrhythmia. Clin Electroencephalogr 1986; 17: 7881.
  • 28
    Favata I, Leuzzi V, Curatolo M. Mental outcome in West syndrome: prognostic value of some clinical factors. J Ment Defic Res 1987; 31: 915.
  • 29
    Jeavons PM, Harper JR, Bower BD. Long-term prognosis in infantile spasms: a follow-up report on 112 cases. Dev Med Child Neurol 1970; 12: 41321.
  • 30
    Holden KR, Clarke SL, Griesemer DA. Long-term outcomes of conventional therapy for infantile spasms. Seizure 1997; 6: 2015.
  • 31
    Rantala H, Putkonen T. The epidemiology of infantile spasms and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome [Abstract]. Epilepsia 1996; 37 (suppl 5): 13.