Six studies are cited to demonstrate that topiramate is effective as adjunctive therapy for refractory partial-onset seizures in adults. Subsequent studies indicate that topiramate is also effective as monotherapy in adults and as adjunctive therapy for partial-onset seizures in children, tonic-clonic seizures of nonfocal origin in children and adults, and drop attacks in Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. Adverse effects for adults and children included dizziness, fatigue, ataxia, confusion, somnolence, nephrolithiasis, paresthesia, and weight loss. More adverse effects were observed at higher doses. Topiramate exhibits rapid absorption, long duration of action, and minimal interaction with other antiepileptic drugs.