• 1
    Ziegler R. Epilepsy: individual illness, human predicament and family dilemma. Family Relations 1982;31:43544.
  • 2
    Freeman JM. A clinical approach to the child with seizures and epilepsy. Epilepsia 1987;28:1039.
  • 3
    Dawkins JL, Crawford PM, Stammers TG. Epilepsy: a general practice study of knowledge and attitudes among sufferers and non-sufferers. Br J Gen Pract 1993;376:4537.
  • 4
    Reynolds EH. Early treatment and prognosis of epilepsy. Epilepsia 1987;28:97106.
  • 5
    Chesterman P, Elwes RDC, Reynolds EH. Failure of monotherapy in newly diagnosed epilepsy. The XVIth Epilepsy International Symposium. 1987 (Advances in Epileptology).
  • 6
    Andrewes D, Camp K, Kilpatrick C, Cook M. The assessment and treatment of concerns and anxiety in patients undergoing presurgical monitoring for epilepsy. Epilepsia 1999;40:153542.
  • 7
    Helgeson DC, Mittan R, Tan S-Y, Chayasirisobhon S. Sepulveda epilepsy education: the efficacy of a psychoeducational treatment program in treating medical and psychosocial aspects of epilepsy. Epilepsia 1990;31:7582.
  • 8
    Lewis MA, Salas I, Sota A, Chiofalo N, Leake B. Randomized trial of a program to enhance the competencies of children with epilepsy. Epilepsia 1990;31:1019.
  • 9
    Lewis MA, Hatton CL, Salas I, Leake B, Chiofalo N. Impact of the children's epilepsy program on parents. Epilepsia 1991;32:36574.
  • 10
    Jan J, Ziegler R, Erba G. Does your child have epilepsy? 2nd ed. Texas : Pro-Ed, 1991.
  • 11
    Rausch R. Psychosocial functioning after brain surgery. Nat Spokesman p 10, April, 1989.
  • 12
    Langfitt JT, Wood BL, Brand KL, Brand J, Erba G. Family interactions as targets for intervention to improve social adjustment after epilepsy surgery. Epilepsia 1999;40:73544.
  • 13
    Erba G, Adler J, Welch K, Ziegler R, Black P. Temporal lobectomy for complex partial seizures beginning in childhood. (Abstract). American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Chicago , 1987.
  • 14
    Bladin P. Psychosocial difficulties and outcome after temporal lobectomy. Epilepsia 1992;33:898907.
  • 15
    Mechanic D. The concept of illness behavior. J Chron Dis 1962;15:18994.
  • 16
    Blackwell B. Illness behavior, labeling and compliance. Clin Invest Med 1981;4:20914.
  • 17
    Torta R, Keller R. Behavioral, psychotic and anxiety disorders in epilepsy: etiology, clinical features, and therapeutic implications. Epilepsia 1999;40S:S220.
  • 18
    Green LW, Simmons-Morton P. Denial, delay and disappointment: discovering and overcoming the causes of drug errors and missed appointments. Epilepsy Res Suppl 1988;1:721.
  • 19
    Kushner H. When bad things happen to good people. New York : Schocken Books, 1981.
  • 20
    Binger CM, Ablin AR, Feuerstein RC, et al. Childhood leukemia: emotional impact on patient and family. N Engl J Med 1969;280:4148.
  • 21
    Kaplan DM, Grobstein R, Smith A. Predicting the impact of severe illness in families. Health Soc Work 1976;1:726.
  • 22
    Hermann B, Wyler AR. Depression, locus of control and the effects of epilepsy surgery. Epilepsia 1989;30:3328.
  • 23
    Mittan RJ, Wasterlain CG, Locke GE. Fear about seizures, medical misinformation, and their potential contribution to epileptics' poor psychosocial adjustment. Epilepsia 1982;23:443.
  • 24
    Chaplin JE, Yepez Lasso R, Shorvon SD, Floyd M. National general practice study of epilepsy: the social and psychological effects of a recent diagnosis of epilepsy. BMJ 1992;304:14168.
  • 25
    Lantz D, Sterman MB. Neuropsychological assessments of subjects with uncontrolled epilepsy: effects of EEG feedback training. Epilepsia 1988;29:16371.
  • 26
    Dahl JA, Melin L, Leissner P. Effects of a behavioral intervention on epileptic seizure behavior and paroxysmal activity: a systematic replication of three cases of children with intractable epilepsy. Epilepsia 1988;29:17283.
  • 27
    Tordova MT, Burwell TJ, Seyfried TN. Environmental risk factors for multifactorial epilepsy in EL mice. Epilepsia 1999;40:1697707.
  • 28
    Spatt J, Langbauer G, Mamoli B. Subjective perception of seizure precipitants: results of a questionnaire study. Seizure 1998;5:3915.
  • 29
    Webster A, Mawer GE. Seizure frequency and major life events in epilepsy. Epilepsia 1989;30:1627.
  • 30
    Stevens JR. Emotional activation of the EEG in patients with convulsive disorders. J Nerv Ment Dis 1959;128:33951.
  • 31
    Persinger MA, Makarec K. Complex partial epileptic signs as a continuum from normals to epileptics: normative data and clinical populations. J Clin Psychol 1993;49:3345.
  • 32
    Gammon K, Vining E. The young adolescent with epilepsy: profile of knowledge and psychosocial adaptation. 15th Epilepsy International Symposium (Abstr.); 1983, Washington , D.C. .
  • 33
    Jones K. Viewpoint: do success stories stigmatize? EFA, National Spokesman 1990;23:2.
  • 34
    Bortolomei F, Roger J, Bureau M, et al. Prognostic factors for childhood and juvenile absence epilepsies. Eur Neurol 1997;37:16975.
  • 35
    Ziegler R. Psychiatric risk factors in childhood epilepsy: seizure frequency and type, and learning disabilities. Psychother Psychosom 1985;44:18590.
  • 36
    Batzel LW, Dodrill EB, Fraser RT. Further validation of the WPSI Vocational Scales: comparisons with other correlates of employment in epilepsy. Epilepsia 1980;21:23542.
  • 37
    Beran RG, Flanagan PJ. Psychosocial sequelae of epilepsy: the role of associated cerebral pathology. Epilepsia 1987;28:10710.
  • 38
    Hinder E. Seizures and outlook. Report presented at 18th International Congress, 1989, India .
  • 39
    Devinsky O, Westbrook L, Cramer J, Glassman M, Perrine K, Camfield C. Risk factors for poor health-related quality of life in adolescents with epilepsy. Epilepsia 1999;40:171520.
  • 40
    Schacter SC, Shafer PO, Murphy W. The personal impact of seizures: correlations with seizure frequency, employment, cost of medical care, and satisfaction with physician care. J Epilepsy 1993;6:2247.
  • 41
    Carran M, Kohler CG, O'Connor MJ, Cloud B, Sperling MR. Marital status after epilepsy surgery. Epilepsia 1999;40:175560.
  • 42
    Steffenburg U, Hagberg G, Kyllerman M. Characteristics of seizures in a population-based series of mentally retarded children with active epilepsy. Epilepsia 1996;37:8506.
  • 43
    Ziegler, R. Impairments of control and competence in epileptic children and their families. Epilepsia 1981;22:33946.
  • 44
    Hermann BP, Whitman S. Behavioral and personality correlates of epilepsy: a review, methodological critique and conceptual model. Psychol Bull 1984;95:45197.
  • 45
    Cortesi F, Giannotti F, Ottaviano S. Sleep problems and daytime behavior in childhood idiopathic epilepsy. Epilepsia 1999;40:155765.
  • 46
    Trimble MR, Cull C. Children of school age: the influences of antiepileptic drugs on behavior and intellect Epilepsia 1988;29(suppl):S159.
  • 47
    Dunn DW, Austin JK, Huster GA. Symptoms of depression in adolescents with epilepsy. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 1999;38:11328.
  • 48
    Sugiyama O, Yagi K, Matsunaga M, Suzuki Y, Fujiwara T, Seino M. Social skills of preschool children with epilepsy. Epilepsia 1996;37(suppl 3):91.
  • 49
    Hodgman C, McAnarney R, Myers G, et al. Emotional complications of grand mal epilepsy. J Pediatr 1979;95:30912.
  • 50
    Hermann BP, Trenerry MR, Colligan RC, and the Bozeman Epilepsy Surgery Consortium. Learned helpless, attributional style, and depression in epilepsy. Epilepsia 1996;37:6806.
  • 51
    Green JB, Mercelle RA. Psychiatric complications of epilepsy. Neurol Clin 1984;2:10312.
  • 52
    Harvey I, Goodyer IM, Brow SW. The value of neuropsychiatric examination of children with complex severe epilepsy. Child Care Health Dev 1988;14:32940.
  • 53
    Rutter M, Graham P, Yule W. A neuropsychiatric study in childhood. Philadelphia : Lippincott, 1970.
  • 54
    Kellerman J, Zeltzer L, Ellenberg L, et al. Psychological effects of illness in adolescence. I: Anxiety, self-esteem, and perception of control. J Pediatr 1980;97:12631.
  • 55
    Tavormina JB, Kastner LS, Slater PM, et al. Chronically ill children, a psychologically and emotionally deviant population. J Abnorm Child Psychol 1976;4:99110.
  • 56
    Austin JK, Risinger M, Beckett L. Correlates of behavior problems in children with epilepsy. Epilepsia 1992;33:111522.
  • 57
    Bornstein RA, Drake ME, Pakalnis A. WAIS-R factor structure in epileptic patients. Epilepsia 1988;29:148.
  • 58
    Seidenberg M, Beck N, Geisser M, et al. Academic achievement of children with epilepsy. Epilepsia 1986;27:7539.
  • 59
    Ziegler R, Holden L. Focused child and family therapy for children with learning disabilities and attentional disorders. Am J Orthopsychiatry 1988;58:199210.
  • 60
    Biederman J, Gastfriend DR, Jellinek MS. Desipramine in the treatment of children with attention deficit disorder. J Clin Psychopharmacol 1986;6:35963.
  • 61
    Hannah JA, Brodie MJ. Epilepsy and learning disabilities—a challenge for the next millennium. Seizure 1998;7:313.
  • 62
    Dodson WE. Special pharmacokinetic considerations in children. Epilepsia 1987;28(suppl):S5670.
  • 63
    Vining EPG. Cognitive dysfunction associated with antiepileptic drug therapy. Epilepsia 1987;28(suppl):S1822.
  • 64
    Devinsky O. Cognitive and behavioral effects of antiepileptic drugs. Epilepsia 1995;36(suppl):S4665.
  • 65
    Meador KJ, Loring DW, Ray PG, et al. Differential cognitive effects of carbamazepine and gabapentin. Epilepsia 1999;40:127985.
  • 66
    Pfefferbaum B. Adolescence and illness. In: American Psychiatric Association Annual Review. Vol 5. Washington , D.C. : American Psychiatric Press, Inc., 1986.
  • 67
    Offer D. Adolescent development: a normative perspective. In: American Psychiatric Association Annual Review. Vol 5. Washington , D.C. : American Psychiatric Press, Inc., 1987.
  • 68
    Offer D, Schonert-Reichl KA. Debunking the myths of adolescence: findings from recent research. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 1992;31:100314.
  • 69
    Viberg M, Blennon G, Polski B. Epilepsy in adolescence: implications for the development of personality. Epilepsia 1987;28:5426.
  • 70
    Richardson DW, Friedman SB. Psychosocial problems of the adolescent patient with epilepsy. Clin Pediatr 1974;13:1216.
  • 71
    Salinsky MC, Wegener K, Sinnema F. Epilepsy, driving laws and patient disclosure to physicians. Epilepsia 1992;33:46972.
  • 72
    Appleton RE, Chadwick D, Sweeney A. Managing the teenager with epilepsy: paediatric to adult care. Seizure 1997;6:2730.
  • 73
    Korsch BM, Fine RN, Negrete VF. Noncompliance in children with renal transplants. Pediatrics 1978;61:8726.
  • 74
    Friedman IM, Let IF, King DR, et al. Compliance with anticonvulsant treatment by epileptic youth: relationships to psychosocial aspects of adolescent development. J Adolesc Health Care 1986;7:127.
  • 75
    Austin JK, Smith MS, Risinger MW, McNelis AM. Childhood epilepsy and asthma: comparison of quality of life. Epilepsia 1994;33:111522.
  • 76
    Robertson MM, Trimble MR, Townsend HRA. Phenomenology of depression in epilepsy. Epilepsia 1987;28:36472.
  • 77
    Angeleri F. Depression and epilepsy. Report presented at 18th International Congress, India , 1989.
  • 78
    Brent DA, Crumrine PK, Varma RR, Allan M, Allman C. Phenobarbital treatment and major depressive disorder in children with epilepsy. Pediatrics 1987;80:90917.
  • 79
    Westen D. Case formulation and personality diagnosis: two processes or one? In: BarronJ, ed. Making diagnosis meaningful: enhancing evaluation and treatment of psychological disorders. Washington DC : American Psychological Assoc, 1998:11137.
  • 80
    Blumer D. Temporal lobe epilepsy and its psychiatric significance. In: BensonDF, BlumerD, eds. Psychiatric aspects of neurologic disease. New York : Grune & Stratton, 1975:xxx.
  • 81
    Bear DM, Fedio P. Quantitative analysis of interictal behavior in temporal lobe epilepsy. Arch Gen Neurol 1997;34:45467.
  • 82
    Hermann BP, Riel P. Interictal personality and behavioral traits in temporal lobe and generalized epilepsy. Cortex 1981;1:1258.
  • 83
    Rose KJ, Derry PA, McLachlan RS. Neuroticism in temporal lobe epilepsy: assessment and implications for pre- and postoperative psychosocial adjustment and health-related quality of life. Epilepsia 1996;37:48491.
  • 84
    Lambert MV, Robertson MM. Depression in epilepsy: etiology, phenomenology, and treatment. Epilepsia 1999;40S:S2147.
  • 85
    Victoroff JI, Benson DF, Grafton ST, Engel J, Mazziotta JC. Depression in complex partial seizures: electroencephalography and cerebral metabolic correlates. Arch Neurol 1994;51:15563.
  • 86
    Modell J. Psychiatric aspects of epilepsy. 11th Annual U.S. Psychiatric and Mental Health Congress, San Francisco , 1998.
  • 87
    Batzel L, Dodrill E, Dubinsky B, Vining E, Ziegler R. An objective method for the assessment of psychosocial problems among adolescents with epilepsy. Abstract. Baltimore : American Epilepsy Society Meeting, 1988.
  • 88
    Davison K, Bagley C. Schizophrenia-like psychoses associated with organic disorders of the central nervous system: review of literature. Br J Psychiatry 1969;4:11384.
  • 89
    Umbrict D, Degreef G, Barr WB, Liebermnan JA, Pollack S, Schaul N. Postictal and chronic psychoses in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy. Am J Psychiatry 1995;152:22431.
  • 90
    McKenna PJ, Kane JM, Parrish K. Psychotic syndromes in epilepsy. Am J Psychiatry 1985;142:895904.
  • 91
    Leppik IE. Compliance during treatment of epilepsy. Epilepsia 1988;29(suppl):S7984.
  • 92
    Buchanan N. Noncompliance with medication amongst persons attending a tertiary referral epilepsy clinic: implications, management and outcome. Seizure 1993;2:7984.