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Keywords:

  • Familial temporal lobe epilepsy;
  • Auditory features;
  • Familial lateral temporal lobe epilepsy;
  • Genetic analysis;
  • Chromosome 10q24

Summary: Purpose: To report the clinical and genetic study of a new family with autosomal dominant partial epilepsy with auditory features (ADPEAF).

Methods: All the living affected members underwent a full clinical, neurophysiological, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study. Genetic analysis was performed by typing their DNA with seven microsatellite markers previously found to cosegregate with ADPEAF on chromosome 10q24.

Results: The three living affected members had a childhood onset of rare and drug-responsive tonic-clonic seizures constantly preceded by a humming sensation. Routine and sleep electroencephalograms revealed rare and inconstant focal abnormalities over both temporal regions. MRI detected atrophy with increased T2 signal in the subcortical lateral portion of the right temporal lobe in one case. Analysis of 10q24 polymorphic alleles showed the same haplotype in all three affected members but different alleles in unaffected individuals.

Conclusions: ADPEAF is a distinct condition with homogeneous clinical features. Genetic findings are consistent with linkage of ADPEAF to chromosome 10q24.