SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    MacKenzie BG. On the modes of death in epilepsy. Lancet 1868: 11556.
  • 2
    Schraeder PL, Lathers CM. Paroxysmal autonomic dysfunction, epileptogenic activity and sudden death. Epilepsy Res 1989;3: 5562.
  • 3
    Nashef L, Walker F, Allen P, et al. Apnoea and bradycardia during epileptic seizures: relation to sudden death in epilepsy. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1996;60: 297300.
  • 4
    Nashef L. Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy: terminology and definitions. Epilepsia 1997;38(suppl. 11):S6S8.
  • 5
    Annegers IF. United States perspective on definitions and classifications. Epilepsia 1997;38(suppl. 11):S9S12.
  • 6
    Ficker DM, So EL, Shen WK, et al. Population-based study of the incidence of sudden unexplained death in epilepsy. Neurology 1998;51: 12704.
  • 7
    Lhatoo SD, Langan Y, Macdonald BK, et al. Sudden unexpected death: a rare event in a large community based prospective cohort with newly diagnosed epilepsy and high remission rates. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1999;66: 6923.
  • 8
    Medical Research Council. Randomised study of antiepileptic drug withdrawal in patients in remission. Lancet 1991;337: 117580.
  • 9
    Dasheiff RM. Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy: a series from an epilepsy surgery program and speculation on the relationship to sudden cardiac death. J Clin Neurophysiol 1991;8: 21622.
  • 10
    Sperling MR, Feldman H, Kinman J, et al. Seizure control and mortality in epilepsy. Ann Neurol 1999;46: 4550.
  • 11
    Hennessy MJ, Langan Y, Elwes RDC, et al. A study of mortality after temporal lobe surgery. Neurology 1999;53: 127683.
  • 12
    Hirsch CS, Martin DL. Unexpected death in young epileptics. Neurology 1971;21: 68290.
  • 13
    Terrence CF, Wisotzkey HM, Perper JA. Unexpected, unexplained death in epileptic patients. Neurology 1975;25: 5948.
  • 14
    Schwender LA, Troncoso JC. Evaluation of sudden death in epilepsy. Am J Forensic Med Pathol 1986;7: 2837.
  • 15
    Leestma JE, Kalelkar MB, Teas SS, et al. Sudden unexpected death associated with seizures: analysis of 66 cases. Epilepsia 1984;25: 848.
  • 16
    Leestma JE, Walzak T, Hughes JR, et al. A prospective study on unexpected death in epilepsy. Ann Neurol 1989;26: 195203.
  • 17
    Earnest MP, Thomas GE, Eden RA, et al. The sudden unexplained death syndrome in epilepsy: demographic, clinical and post-mortem features. Epilepsia 1992;33: 3106.
  • 18
    Jick SS, Cole TB, Mesher RA, et al. Sudden unexpected death in young persons with primary epilepsy. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Safety 1992;1: 5964.
  • 19
    Derby LE, Tennis P, Jick H. Sudden unexpected death among subjects with refractory epilepsy. Epilepsia 1996;37: 9315.
  • 20
    Erila T. Epileptikkojen kuolleisuus suomessa vuosina 1967–1973. [Mortality of epileptics in Finland in the years 1967–1973.]. Publications from the University of Tampere 42. Acta Univ Tamperensis, Ser A 1982; 145:1–167 (in Finnish with English summary).
  • 21
    Kloster R, Engelskjon T. Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP): a clinical perspective and a search for risk factors. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1999;67: 43944.
  • 22
    Nilsson L, Farahmand BY, Persson PG, et al. Risk factors for sudden unexpected death in epilepsy: a case-control study. Lancet 1999;353: 88893.
  • 23
    Walczak TS, Leppik IE, D'Amelio M, et al. Incidence and risk factors for sudden unexpected death in epilepsy: a prospective cohort study. Neurology 2001;56: 51925.
  • 24
    Harvey AS, Nolan T, Carlin JB. Community-based study of mortality in children with epilepsy. Epilepsia 1993;34: 597603.
  • 25
    Tennis P, Cole TB, Annegers JF, et al. Cohort study of incidence of sudden unexplained death in persons with seizure disorder treated with antiepileptic drugs in Saskatchewan, Canada. Epilepsia 1995;36: 2936.
  • 26
    Lip GYH, Brodie MJ. Sudden death in epilepsy: an avoidable outcome? J R Soc Med 1992;85: 60911.
  • 27
    Timmings PL. Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy: a local audit. Seizure 1993;2: 28790.
  • 28
    Timmings PL. Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy: is carbamazepine implicated Seizure 1998;7: 28991.
  • 29
    Nashef L, Sander JWAS, Fish DR, et al. Incidence of sudden unexpected death in an adult outpatient cohort with epilepsy at a tertiary referral center. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1995;58: 4624.
  • 30
    Nashef L, Fish DR, Garner S, et al. Sudden death in epilepsy: a study of incidence in a young cohort with epilepsy and learning difficulty. Epilepsia 1995;36: 118794.
  • 31
    Langan Y. The incidence of sudden unexpected deaths in epilepsy in South Dublin and Wicklow. Seizure 1998;7: 3558.
  • 32
    Langan Y, Nashef L, Sander JWAS. Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy: a series of witnessed deaths. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2000;68: 2113.
  • 33
    Leestma JE, Annegers IF, Brodie MI, et al. Sudden unexplained death in epilepsy: observations from a large clinical development program. Epilepsia 1997;38: 4755.
  • 34
    Annegers IF, Hauser WA, Shirts SB. Heart disease mortality and morbidity in patients with epilepsy. Epilepsia 1984;25: 699704.
  • 35
    Tomson T, Kenneback G. Arrhythmia, heart rate variability, and antiepileptic drugs. Epilepsia 1997;38(suppl. 11):4851.
  • 36
    Tomson T, Ericson M, Ihrman C, et al. Heart rate variability in patients with epilepsy. Epilepsy Res 1998;30: 77.
  • 37
    Nilsson L, Farahmand BY, Persson PG, et al. Antiepileptic drug therapy and its management in sudden unexpected death in epilepsy—a case-control study. Epilepsia 2001;42: 66773.
  • 38
    Bowerman DL, Levisky JA, Urich RW, et al. Premature deaths in persons with seizure disorder—subtherapeutic levels of anticonvulsant drugs in post-mortem blood specimens. J Forensic Sci 1978;23: 5226.
  • 39
    Lund A, Gormsen H. The role of antiepileptics in sudden death in epilepsy. Acta Neurol Scand 1985;72: 4446.
  • 40
    Tomson T, Skold A-C, Holmgren P, et al. Postmortem changes in blood concentrations of phenytoin and carbamazepine: an experimental study. Ther Drug Monit 1998;20: 30912.
  • 41
    Opeskin K, Burke MP, Cordner SM, et al. Comparison of antiepileptic drug levels in sudden unexpected death in epilepsy with death from other causes. Epilepsia 1999;40: 17958.
  • 42
    Klenerman P, Sander JWAS, Shorvon SD. Mortality in patients with epilepsy: a study of patients in long term residential care. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1993;56: 14952.
  • 43
    Racoosin JA, Feeney J, Burkhart G, et al. Mortality in antiepileptic drug development programs. Neurology 2001;56: 5149.
  • 44
    Annegers IF, Sharon PC, Hauser WA , et al. Epilepsy, vagal nerve stimulation by the NCP system, mortality and sudden, unexpected, unexplained death. Epilepsia 1998;39: 20612.