• 1
    Sommer W. Erkrankung des Ammonshorns als aetiologisches moment der epilepsie. Arch Psychiatry Nervkrankh 1880;10: 631675.
  • 2
    Falconer MA, Taylor DC. Surgical treatment of drug-resistant epilepsy due to mesial temporal sclerosis: etiology and significance. Arch Neurol 1968;19: 353361.
  • 3
    Meldrum BS, Vigouroux RA, Brierley JB. Systemic factors and epileptic brain damage: prolonged seizures in paralyzed, artificially ventilated baboons. Arch Neurol 1973;29: 8287.
  • 4
    Represa A, Niquet J, Pollard H, et al. Cell death, gliosis, and synaptic remodeling in the hippocampus of epileptic rats. J Neurobiol 1995;26: 413425.
  • 5
    Cavalheiro EA. The pilocarpine model of epilepsy. Ital J Neurol Sci 1995;16: 3337.
  • 6
    Abou-Khalil B, Andermann E, Andermann F, et al. Temporal lobe epilepsy after prolonged febrile convulsions: excellent outcome after surgical treatment. Epilepsia 1993;34: 878883.
  • 7
    VanLandingham KE, Heinz ER, Cavazos JE, et al. Magnetic resonance imaging evidence of hippocampal injury after prolonged focal febrile convulsions. Ann Neurol 1998;43: 413426.
  • 8
    Scott RC, Gadian DG, King MD, et al. Magnetic resonance imaging findings within 5 days of status epilepticus in childhood. Brain 2002;125: 19511959.
  • 9
    Scott RC, Cross JH, Gadian DG, et al. Abnormalities in hippocampi remote from the seizure focus: a T2 relaxometry study. Brain 2003;126: 19681974.
  • 10
    Scott RC, Gadian DG, Cross JH, et al. Quantitative magnetic resonance characterization of mesial temporal sclerosis in childhood. Neurology 2001;56: 16591665.
  • 11
    Keller SS, Wieshmann UC, Mackay CE, et al. Voxel based morphometry of grey matter abnormalities in patients with medically intractable temporal lobe epilepsy: effects of side of seizure onset and epilepsy duration. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2002;73: 648655.
  • 12
    Bocti C, Robitaille Y, Diadori P, et al. The pathological basis of temporal lobe epilepsy in childhood. Neurology 2003;60: 191195.
  • 13
    GrahamDI, LantosPL, eds. Greenfield's Neuropathology, 6th ed. London : Arnold, 1997.
  • 14
    Fernandez G, Effenberger O, Vinz B, et al. Hippocampal malformation as a cause of familial febrile convulsions and subsequent hippocampal sclerosis. Neurology 1998;50: 909917.
  • 15
    Mohamed A, Wyllie E, Ruggieri P, et al. Temporal lobe epilepsy due to hippocampal sclerosis in pediatric candidates for epilepsy surgery. Neurology 2001;56: 16431649.
  • 16
    Raymond AA, Fish DR, Stevens JM, et al. Association of hippocampal sclerosis with cortical dysgenesis in patients with epilepsy. Neurology 1994;44: 18411845.
  • 17
    Mathern GW, Babb TL, Mischel PS, et al. Childhood generalized and mesial temporal epilepsies demonstrate different amounts and patterns of hippocampal neuron loss and mossy fibre synaptic reorganization. Brain 1996;119: 965987.
  • 18
    Sperber EF, Haas KZ, Stanton PK, et al. Resistance of the immature hippocampus to seizure-induced synaptic reorganization. Brain Res Dev Brain Res 1991;60: 8893.
  • 19
    Sankar R, Shin DH, Wasterlain CG. Serum neuron-specific enolase is a marker for neuronal damage following status epilepticus in the rat. Epilepsy Res 1997;28: 129136.
  • 20
    Sankar R, Shin DH, Liu H, et al. Patterns of status epilepticus-induced neuronal injury during development and long-term consequences. J Neurosci 1998;18: 83828393.
  • 21
    Stafstrom CE, Chronopoulos A, Thurber S, et al. Age-dependent cognitive and behavioral deficits after kainic acid seizures. Epilepsia 1993;34: 420432.
  • 22
    Holmes GL, Thompson JL, Marchi T, et al. Behavioral effects of kainic acid administration on the immature brain. Epilepsia 1988;29: 721730.
  • 23
    Cendes F, Andermann F, Gloor P, et al. Atrophy of mesial structures in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy: cause or consequence of repeated seizures? Ann Neurol 1993;34: 795801.
  • 24
    French JA, Williamson PD, Thadani VM, et al. Characteristics of medial temporal lobe epilepsy, I: results of history and physical examination. Ann Neurol 1993;34: 774780.
  • 25
    Duchowny M, Jayakar P, Resnick T, et al. Posterior temporal epilepsy: electroclinical features. Ann Neurol 1994;35: 427431.
  • 26
    Wyllie E, Chee M, Granstrom ML, et al. Temporal lobe epilepsy in early childhood. Epilepsia 1993;34: 859868.
  • 27
    Williamson PD, Spencer DD. Clinical and EEG features of complex partial seizures of extratemporal origin. Epilepsia 1986;27: S46S63.
  • 28
    Fogarasi A, Janszky J, Faveret E, et al. A detailed analysis of frontal lobe seizure semiology in children younger than 7 years. Epilepsia 2001;42: 8085.
  • 29
    Stores G, Zaiwalla Z, Bergel N. Frontal lobe complex partial seizures in children: a form of epilepsy at particular risk of misdiagnosis. Dev Med Child Neurol 1991;33: 9981009.
  • 30
    Gabr M, Luders H, Dinner D, et al. Speech manifestations in lateralization of temporal lobe seizures. Ann Neurol 1989;25: 8287.
  • 31
    Jayakar P, Duchowny M, Resnick T, et al. Ictal head deviation: lateralizing significance of the pattern of head movement. Neurology 1992;42: 19891992.
  • 32
    Kothare SV, Sotrel A, Duchowny M, et al. Absence of hippocampal sclerosis in children with multiple daily seizures since infancy. J Child Neurol 2001;16: 562564.
  • 33
    Squier W, Salisbury H, Sisodiya S. Stroke in the developing brain and intractable epilepsy: effect of timing on hippocampal sclerosis. Dev Med Child Neurol 2003;45: 580585.
  • 34
    Thompson K, Wasterlain C. Lithium-pilocarpine status epilepticus in the immature rabbit. Brain Res Dev Brain Res 1997;100: 14.
  • 35
    Kelly ME, McIntyre DC. Hippocampal kindling protects several structures from the neuronal damage resulting from kainic acid-induced status epilepticus. Brain Res 1994;634: 245256.
  • 36
    Zhang X, Cui SS, Wallace AE, et al. Relations between brain pathology and temporal lobe epilepsy. J Neurosci 2002;22: 60526061.
  • 37
    Lere C, El Bahh B, Le Gal La Salle G, et al. A model of “epileptic tolerance” for investigating neuroprotection, epileptic susceptibility and gene expression-related plastic changes. Brain Res Brain Res Protoc 2002;9: 4956.