• 1
    Lüders HO, Awad I. Conceptual considerations. In: LüdersHO, ed. Epilepy surgery. New York : Raven Press, 1991: 5162.
  • 2
    Rosenow F, Lüders H. Presurgical evaluation of epilepsy. Brain 2001;124: 16831700.
  • 3
    Spencer SS. Neural networks in human epilepsy: evidence of and implications for treatment. Epilepsia 2002;43: 219227.
  • 4
    Engel JJ. Surgery for seizures. N Engl J Med 1996;334: 647652.
  • 5
    Spencer SS, Berg AT, Vickrey BG, et al. Initial outcomes in the multicenter study of epilepsy surgery. Neurology 2003;61: 16801685.
  • 6
    Hämäläinen MS, Hari R, Ilmoniemi R, et al. Magnetoencephalography: theory, instrumentation, and applications to non-invasive studies of the working human brain. Rev Modern Physics 1993;65: 413497.
  • 7
    Gharib S, Suthering WW, Nakasato N, et al. MEG and ECoG localization accuracy test. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 1995;94: 109114.
  • 8
    Morioka T, Nishio S, Ishibashi H, et al. Intrinsic epileptogenicity of focal cortical dysplasia as revealed by magnetoencephalography and electrocorticography. Epilepsy Res 1999;33: 177187.
  • 9
    Rose DF, Sato S, Ducla-Soares E, et al. Magnetoencephalographic localization of subdural dipoles in a patient with temporal lobe epilepsy. Epilepsia 1991;32: 635641.
  • 10
    Knowlton RC, Laxer KD, Aminoff MJ, et al. Magnetoencephalography in partial epilepsy: clinical yield and localization accuracy. Ann Neurol 1997;42: 622631.
  • 11
    Smith JR, Schwartz BJ, Gallen C, et al. Utilization of multichannel magnetoencephalography in the guidance of ablative seizure surgery. J Epilepsy 1995;8: 119130.
  • 12
    Mamelak AN, Lopez N, Akhtari M, et al. Magnetoencephalography-directed surgery in patients with neocortical epilepsy. J Neurosurg 2002;97: 865873.
  • 13
    Minassian BA, Otsubo H, Weiss S, et al. Magnetoencephalographic localization in pediatric epilepsy surgery: comparison with invasive intracranial electroencephalography. Ann Neurol 1999;46: 627633.
  • 14
    Moore KR, Funke ME, Constantino T, et al. Magnetoencephalographically directed review of high-spatial-resolution surface-coil MR images improves lesion detection in patients with extratemporal epilepsy. Radiology 2002;225: 880887.
  • 15
    Pataraia E, Simos PG, Castillo EM, et al. Does magnetoencephalography add to scalp video-EEG as a diagnostic tool in epilepsy surgery? Neurology 2004;62: 943948.
  • 16
    Wheless JW, Willmore LJ, Breier JI, et al. A comparison of magnetoencephalography, MRI, and V-EEG in patients evaluated for epilepsy surgery. Epilepsia 1999;40: 931941.
  • 17
    Asano E, Muzik O, Shah A, et al. Quantitative interictal subdural EEG analysis in children with neocortical epilepsy. Epilepsia 2003;44: 425434.
  • 18
    Bautista RED, Cobbs MA, Spencer DD, et al. Prediction of surgical outcome by interictal epileptiform abnormalities during intracranial EEG monitoring in patients with extrahippocampal seizures. Epilepsia 1999;40: 88068890.
  • 19
    Holmes MD, Kutsy RL, Ojemann GA, et al. Interictal, unifocal spikes in refractory extratemporal epilepsy predict ictal origin and postsurgical outcome. Clin Neurophysiol 2000;11: 18021808.
  • 20
    Hufnagel A, Dumpelmann M, Zentner J, et al. Clinical relevance of quantified intracranial interictal spike activity in presurgical evaluation of epilepsy. Epilepsia 2000;41: 467478.
  • 21
    Jansky J, Jokeit H, Schulz R, et al. EEG predicts surgical outcome in lesional frontal lobe epilepsy. Neurology 2000;54: 14701476.
  • 22
    Palmini A, Gambardella A, Andermann F, et al. Intrinsic epileptogenicity of human dysplastic cortex as suggested by corticography and surgical results. Ann Neurol 1995;37: 476487.
  • 23
    Wennberg R, Quesney F, Olivier A, et al. Electrocorticography and outcome in frontal lobe epilepsy. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 1998;106: 357368.
  • 24
    Oishi M, Otsubo H, Kameyama S, et al. Ictal magnetoencephalographic discharges from elementary visual hallucinations of status epilepticus. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2003;74: 525527.
  • 25
    Oishi M, Kameyama S, Morota N, et al. A case with the basal temporal epileptic focus presenting neocortical propagation detected by magnetoencephalography. J Jpn Epilepsy Soc 2001;19: 133139.
  • 26
    Pataraia E, Baumgartner C, Lindinger G, et al: Magnetoencephalography in presurgical epilepsy evaluation. Neurosurg Rev 2002;25: 141159.
  • 27
    Engel JJ, Rasmussen TB. Outcome with respect to seizure. In: EngelJ, ed. Surgical treatment of the epilepsies. New York : Raven Press, 1993: 609621.
  • 28
    Oishi M, Kameyama S, Morota N, et al. Fusiform gyrus epilepsy: the use of ictal magnetoencephalography: case report. J Neurosurg 2002;97: 200204.
  • 29
    Fischer MJM, Scheler G, Stefan H. Utilization of magnetoencephalography results to obtain favourable outcomes in epilepsy surgery. Brain 2005;128: 153157
  • 30
    Otsubo H, Ochi A, Elliot I, et al. MEG predicts epileptic zone in lesional extrahippocampal epilepsy: 12 pediatric surgery cases. Epilepsia 2001;42: 15231530.
  • 31
    Iida K, Otsubo H, Matsumoto Y, et al. Characterizing magnetic spike sources with magnetoencephalography-guided neuronavigation: pediatric epilepsy surgery. J Neurosurg (Pediatrics 2) 2005;102: 187196.
  • 32
    Alarcon G, Binnie CD, Elwes RD, et al. Power spectrum and intracranial EEG patterns at seizure onset in partial epilepsy. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 1995;94: 326337.
  • 33
    Engel JJ. Excitation and inhibition in epilepsy. Can J Neurol Sci 1996;23: 167174.
  • 34
    Lee SA, Spencer DD, Spencer SS. Intracranial EEG seizure-onset patterns in neocortical epilepsy. Epilepsia 2000;41: 297307.
  • 35
    Chitoku S, Otsubo H, Ichimura T, et al. Characteristics of dipoles in clustered individual spikes and averaged spikes. Brain Dev 2003;25: 1421.
  • 36
    Mikuni N, Nagamine T, Ikeda A, et al. Simultaneous recording of epileptiform discharges by MEG and subdural electrodes in temporal lobe epilepsy. Neuroimage 1997;5: 298306.
  • 37
    Oishi M, Otsubo H, Kameyama S, et al. Epileptic spikes: magnetoencephalography versus simultaneous electrocorticography. Epilepsia 2002;43: 13901395.
  • 38
    Kim R, Spencer DI. Surgery for mesial temporal sclerosis. In: LüdersHO, ComairYG, eds. Epilepsy surgery, 2nd ed. Philadelphia : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 1991: 643652.
  • 39
    Le Van Quyen M, Martinerie J, et al. Characterizing neurodynamic changes before seizures. J Clin Neurophysiol 2001;18: 191208.
  • 40
    Stefan H, Schneider S, Abraham-Fuchs K, et al. The neocortico to mesio-basal limbic propagation of focal epileptic activity during the spike-wave complex. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 1991;79: 110.
  • 41
    Sutherling WW, Barth DS. Neocortical propagation in temporal lobe spike foci on magnetoencephalography and electroencephalography. Ann Neurol 1989;25: 373381.
  • 42
    Otsubo H, Sharma R, Elliott I, et al. Confirmation of two magnetoencephalographic epileptic foci by invasive monitoring from subdural electrodes in an adolescent with right frontocentral epilepsy. Epilepsia 1999;40: 608613.
  • 43
    Franciones S, Nobili L, Cardinale F, et al: Intra-lesional stereo-EEG activity in Taylor's focal cortical dysplasia. Epileptic Disord 2003;5: S105S114.
  • 44
    Otsubo H, Iida K, Okuda C, et al. Neurophysiological findings of neuronal migration disorders: intrinsic epileptogenicity of focal cortical dysplasia on EEG, ECoG, and MEG. J Child Neurol 2005;20: 357363.
  • 45
    Iida K, Otsubo H, Mohamed I, et al. Characterizing magnetoencephalographic spike sources in children with tuberous sclerosis complex. Epilepsia 2005;46: 15101517.
  • 46
    Bauman JA, Feoli E, Romanelli P, et al. Multistage epilepsy surgery: safety, efficacy, and utility of a novel approach in pediatric extratemporal epilepsy. Neurosurgery 2005;56: 318334.
  • 47
    Oguni H, Hayashi K, Osawa M. Migration of epileptic foci in children. Adv Neurol 1999;81: 131143.
  • 48
    Trojaborg W. Focal spike discharges in children, a longitudinal study. Acta Paediatr Scand 1966;168(suppl):1113.