SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    Kellaway P, Hrachovy RA, Frost JD Jr, et al. Precise characterization and quantification of infantile spasms. Ann Neurol 1979;6:214218.
  • 2
    Hrachovy RA, Frost JD Jr. Infantile spasms. Pediatr Clin North Am 1989;6:311329.
  • 3
    Bednarek N, Motte J, Soufflet C, et al. Evidence of late-onset infantile spasms. Epilepsia 1998;39:5560.
  • 4
    Jeavons PM. West syndrome: infantile spasms. In: RogerJ, DravetM, BureauFE, et al., eds. Epileptic Syndromes in Infancy, Childhood and Adolescence. London : John Libbey Eurotext, 1985.
  • 5
    Talwar D, Baldwin MA, Hutzler R, et al. Epileptic spasms in older children: persistence beyond infancy. Epilepsia 1995;36:151155.
  • 6
    Sotero de Menezes MA, Rho JM. Clinical and electrographic features of epileptic spasms persisting beyond the second year of life. Epilepsia 2002;43:623630.
  • 7
    Camfield P, Camfield C, Lortie A, et al. Infantile spasms in remission may reemerge as intractable epileptic spasms. Epilepsia 2003;44:15921595.
  • 8
    Ohtsuka Y, Kobayashi K, Ogino T, et al. Spasms in clusters in epilepsies other than typical West syndrome. Brain Dev 2001;23:473481.
  • 9
    Gobbi G, Bruno L, Pini A, et al. Periodic spasms: unclassified type of epileptic seizure in childhood. Dev Med Child Neurol 1987;29:766775.
  • 10
    Oka M, Kobayashi K, Akiyama T, et al. A study of spike-density on EEG in West syndrome. Brain Dev 2004;26:105112.
  • 11
    Ren LK, Wu LW, Jin LR, et al. [Characteristics of clinical manifestations and EEG of Lennox-Gastaut syndrome]: English abstract. Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi 2003;41:710.
  • 12
    Ohtahara S. Clinico-electrical delineation of epileptic encephalopathies in childhood. Asian Med 1992;21:717.
  • 13
    Caraballo RH, Fejerman N, Dalla Bernadina B, et al. Epileptic spasms in clusters without hypsarrhythmia in infancy. Epileptic Disord 2003;5:109113.
  • 14
    Koo B, Hwang P. Localization of focal cortical lesions influences age of onset in infantile spasms. Epilepsia 1996:37:10681071.
  • 15
    Chugani HT, Da Silva E, Chugani DC. Infantile spasms, III: prognostic implications of bitemporal hypometabolism on positron emission tomography. Ann Neurol 1996;39:643649.
  • 16
    Markand ON. Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (childhood epileptic encephalopathy). J Clin Neurophysiol 2003;20:426441.
  • 17
    Kieffer-Renaud V, Jambaqué I, Kaminska A, et al. Evolution neuropsychologique des enfants avec syndromes de Lennox-Gastaut et de Doose. ANAE 2002;42:8488.
  • 18
    Chugani HT, Phelps ME. Maturational changes in cerebral function in infants determined by [18]FDG positron emission tomography. Science 1986;231:840843.
  • 19
    Chugani HT, Phelps ME, Mazziotta JC. Positron emission tomography study of human brain functional development. Ann Neurol 1987;22:487497.
  • 20
    Chiron C, Raynaud C, Maziere B, et al. Changes in regional cerebral blood flow during brain maturation in children and adolescents. J Nucl Med 1992;33:696703.
  • 21
    Tremblay E, Represa A, Ben Ari Y. Autoradiographic localization of kainic acid binding sites in the human hippocampus. Brain Res 1985;343:378382.
  • 22
    DeLong GR, Heinz ER. The clinical syndrome of early-life bilateral hippocampal sclerosis. Ann Neurol 1997;42:1117.
  • 23
    Riikonen R. Long-term outcome of patients with West syndrome. Brain Dev 2001;23:683687.
  • 24
    Eisermann M, DeLaReillère A, Dellatolas G, et al. Infantile spasms in Down syndrome: effects of delayed anticonvulsive treatment. Epilepsy Res 2003;55:2127.