SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Andre V, Pineau N, Motte JE, Marescaux C, Nehlig A. (1998) Mapping of neuronal networks underlying generalized seizures induced by increasing doses of pentylenetetrazol in the immature and adult rat: a c-Fos immunohistochemical study. Eur J Neurosci 10:20942106.
  • Appleton DB, DeVivo DC. (1974) An animal model for the ketogenic diet. Epilepsia 15:211227.
  • Auvin S, Shin D, Mazarati A, Sankar R. (2006) The utility of testing pentylenetetrazol threshold. Epilepsia 47:662663; author reply 663–664.
  • Bough KJ, Eagles DA. (1999) A ketogenic diet increases the resistance to pentylenetetrazole-induced seizures in the rat. Epilepsia 40:138143.
  • Bough KJ, Chen RS, Eagles DA. (1999a) Path analysis shows that increasing ketogenic ratio, but not beta-hydroxybutyrate, elevates seizure threshold in the Rat. Dev Neurosci 21:400406.
  • Bough KJ, Valiyil R, Han FT, Eagles DA. (1999b) Seizure resistance is dependent upon age and calorie restriction in rats fed a ketogenic diet. Epilepsy Res 35:2128.
  • Bough KJ, Matthews PJ, Eagles DA. (2000a) A ketogenic diet has different effects upon seizures induced by maximal electroshock and by pentylenetetrazole infusion. Epilepsy Res 38:105114.
  • Bough KJ, Yao SG, Eagles DA. (2000b) Higher ketogenic diet ratios confer protection from seizures without neurotoxicity. Epilepsy Res 38:1525.
  • Bough KJ, Eagles DA. (2001) Re: Dietary fat, ketosis, and seizure resistance in rats on the ketogenic diet. Epilepsy Res 44:213217.
  • Bough KJ, Schwartzkroin PA, Rho JM. (2003) Calorie restriction and ketogenic diet diminish neuronal excitability in rat dentate gyrus in vivo. Epilepsia 44:752760.
  • Bough KJ, Wetherington J, Hassel B, Pare JF, Gawryluk JW, Greene JG, Shaw R, Smith Y, Geiger JD, Dingledine RJ. (2006) Mitochondrial biogenesis in the anticonvulsant mechanism of the ketogenic diet. Ann Neurol 60:223235.
  • Bough KJ, Rho JM. (2007) Anticonvulsant mechanisms of the ketogenic diet. Epilepsia 48:4358.
  • Davis JD, Wirtshafter D, Asin KE, Brief D. (1981) Sustained intracerebroventricular infusion of brain fuels reduces body weight and food intake in rats. Science 212:8183.
  • Eagles DA, Boyd SJ, Kotak A, Allan F. (2003) Calorie restriction of a high-carbohydrate diet elevates the threshold of PTZ-induced seizures to values equal to those seen with a ketogenic diet. Epilepsy Res 54:4152.
  • El Hamdi G, Pereira de Vasconcelos A, Vert P, Nehlig A. (1992) An experimental model of generalized seizures for the measurement of local cerebral glucose utilization in the immature rat. I. Behavioral characterization and determination of lumped constant. Brain Res Dev Brain Res 69:233242.
  • Freeman JM, Vining EP, Pillas DJ, Pyzik PL, Casey JC, Kelly LM. (1998) The efficacy of the ketogenic diet-1998: a prospective evaluation of intervention in 150 children. Pediatrics 102:13581363.
  • Freeman JM, Vining EP. (1999) Seizures decrease rapidly after fasting: preliminary studies of the ketogenic diet. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 153:946949.
  • Freeman JM, Kelley MT, Freeman JB. (2000) The ketogenic diet: a treatment for epilepsy, 3rd ed., Demos, New York .
  • Greene AE, Todorova MT, McGowan R, Seyfried TN. (2001) Caloric restriction inhibits seizure susceptibility in epileptic EL mice by reducing blood glucose. Epilepsia 42:13711378.
  • Greene AE, Todorova MT, Seyfried TN. (2003) Perspectives on the metabolic management of epilepsy through dietary reduction of glucose and elevation of ketone bodies. J Neurochem 86:529537.
  • Hartman AL, Vining EP. (2007) Clinical aspects of the ketogenic diet. Epilepsia. 48:3142.
  • Hee Seo J, Mock Lee Y, Soo Lee J, Chul Kang H, Dong Kim H. (2007) Efficacy and tolerability of the ketogenic diet according to lipid:nonlipid ratios-comparison of 3:1 with 4:1 diet. Epilepsia 48:801805.
  • Hori A, Tandon P, Holmes GL, Stafstrom CE. (1997) Ketogenic diet: effects on expression of kindled seizures and behavior in adult rats. Epilepsia 38:750758.
  • Huttenlocher PR, Wilbourn AJ, Signore JM. (1971) Medium-chain triglycerides as a therapy for intractable childhood epilepsy. Neurology 21:10971103.
  • Klurfeld DM, Welch CB, Davis MJ, Kritchevsky D. (1989) Determination of degree of energy restriction necessary to reduce DMBA-induced mammary tumorigenesis in rats during the promotion phase. J Nutr 119:286291.
  • Kossoff EH, McGrogan JR, Freeman JM. (2004) Benefits of an all-liquid ketogenic diet. Epilepsia 45:1163.
  • Likhodii S. (2001) Experiments in the rat pentylenetetrazole infusion threshold model of the ketogenic diet. Epilepsy Res. 44:8386.
  • Löscher W, Honack D, Fassbender CP, Nolting B. (1991) The role of technical, biological and pharmacological factors in the laboratory evaluation of anticonvulsant drugs. III. Pentylenetetrazole seizure models. Epilepsy Res 8:171189.
  • Löscher W, Fiedler M. (1996) The role of technical, biological and pharmacological factors in the laboratory evaluation of anticonvulsant drugs. VI. Seasonal influences on maximal electroshock and pentylenetetrazol seizure thresholds. Epilepsy Res 25:310.
  • Mady MA, Kossoff EH, McGregor AL, Wheless JW, Pyzik PL, Freeman JM. (2003) The ketogenic diet: adolescents can do it, too. Epilepsia. 44:847851.
  • Mahoney AW, Hendricks DG, Bernhard N, Sisson DV. (1983) Fasting and ketogenic diet effects on audiogenic seizures susceptibility of magnesium deficient rats. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 18:683687.
  • McLean KJ, O'Brien TJ, Cook MJ, Vajda FJ. (2004) The influence of gender on the aggravation of absence seizures by carbamazepine in the low-dose pentylenetetrazol rat model. Seizure 13:208216.
  • Mirski MA, Ferrendelli JA. (1984) Interruption of the mammillothalamic tract prevents seizures in guinea pigs. Science. 226:7274.
  • Muller-Schwarze AB, Tandon P, Liu Z, Yang Y, Holmes GL, Stafstrom CE. (1999) Ketogenic diet reduces spontaneous seizures and mossy fiber sprouting in the kainic acid model. Neuroreport 10:15171522.
  • Nylen K, Likhodii S, Abdelmalik PA, Clarke J, Burnham WM. (2005) A comparison of the ability of a 4:1 ketogenic diet and a 6.3:1 ketogenic diet to elevate seizure thresholds in adult and young rats. Epilepsia 46:11981204.
  • Otani K, Yamatodani A, Wada H, Mimaki T, Yabuuchi H. (1984) Effect of ketogenic diet on the convulsive threshold and brain amino acid and monoamine levels in young mice. No To Hattatsu 16:196204.
  • Pollack GM, Shen DD. (1985) A timed intravenous pentylenetetrazol infusion seizure model for quantitating the anticonvulsant effect of valproic acid in the rat. J Pharmacol Meth 13:135146.
  • Rho JM, Kim DW, Robbins CA, Anderson GD, Schwartzkroin PA. (1999) Age-dependent differences in flurothyl seizure sensitivity in mice treated with a ketogenic diet. Epilepsy Res 37:233240.
  • Rogers AE. (1979) Nutrition. In BakerHJ, LindseyJR, WeisbrothSH (Eds) The laboratory rat, Academic Press, Orlando .
  • Sakaguchi T, Arase K, Bray GA. (1988) Effect of intrahypothalamic hydroxybutyrate on sympathetic firing. Metabolism 37:732735.
  • Schwartz RH, Eaton J, Bower BD, Aynsley-Green A. (1989a) Ketogenic diets in the treatment of epilepsy: short-term clinical effects. Dev Med Child Neurol 31:145151.
  • Schwartz RM, Boyes S, Aynsley-Green A. (1989b) Metabolic effects of three ketogenic diets in the treatment of severe epilepsy. Dev Med Child Neurol 31:152160.
  • Sirven J, Whedon B, Caplan D, Liporace J, Glosser D, O'Dwyer J, Sperling MR. (1999) The ketogenic diet for intractable epilepsy in adults: preliminary results. Epilepsia 40:17211726.
  • Snead O. (1992) Pharmalogical models of generalized absence seizures in rodents. J Neural Transm S35:719.
  • Swink TD, Vining EP, Freeman JM. (1997) The ketogenic diet: 1997. Adv Pediatr 44:297329.
  • Thavendiranathan P, Mendonca A, Dell C, Likhodii SS, Musa K, Iracleous C, Cunnane SC, Burnham WM. (2000) The MCT ketogenic diet: effects on animal seizure models. Exp Neurol 161:696703.
  • Uhlemann ER, Neims AH. (1972) Anticonvulsant properties of the ketogenic diet in mice. J Pharmacol Exp Ther 180:231238.
  • Vining EP, Freeman JM, Ballaban-Gil K, Camfield CS, Camfield PR, Holmes GL, Shinnar S, Shuman R, Trevathan E, Wheless JW. (1998) A multicenter study of the efficacy of the ketogenic diet. Arch Neurol 55:14331437.
  • Zaczek R, Markl A, Balm M, Coyle JT. (1986) A simple method for quantitative electroencephalographic assessment of drugs with convulsant and anticonvulsant properties. J Neurosci Meth 18:351360.