Homozygous W748S mutation in the POLG1 gene in patients with juvenile-onset Alpers syndrome and status epilepticus
Article first published online: 20 FEB 2008
© 2008 International League Against Epilepsy
Volume 49, Issue 6, pages 1038–1045, June 2008
How to Cite
Uusimaa, J., Hinttala, R., Rantala, H., Päivärinta, M., Herva, R., Röyttä, M., Soini, H., Moilanen, J. S., Remes, A. M., Hassinen, I. E. and Majamaa, K. (2008), Homozygous W748S mutation in the POLG1 gene in patients with juvenile-onset Alpers syndrome and status epilepticus. Epilepsia, 49: 1038–1045. doi: 10.1111/j.1528-1167.2008.01544.x
- Issue published online: 20 FEB 2008
- Article first published online: 20 FEB 2008
- Accepted January 9, 2008; Online Early publication February 20, 2008.
- Status epilepticus;
- Metabolic diseases;
- Mitochondrial diseases;
- Genetic diseases
Purpose: Polymerase gamma (POLG) is the sole enzyme in the replication of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). Numerous mutations in the POLG1 gene have been detected recently in patients with various phenotypes including a classic infantile-onset Alpers-Huttenlocher syndrome (AHS). Here we studied the molecular etiology of juvenile-onset AHS manifesting with status epilepticus and liver disease in three teenagers.
Patients and Methods: We examined 14- and 17-year-old female siblings (patients 1 and 2) and an unrelated 15-year-old girl (patient 3) with juvenile-onset AHS, sequenced POLG1, and the entire mtDNA, examined mtDNA deletions by amplification of the full-length mtDNA with the long PCR method and used real-time PCR to quantify mtDNA in the tissue samples.
Results: The initial manifestations were migraine-like headache and epilepsy, and the terminal manifestations status epilepticus and hepatic failure. A homozygous W748S mutation in POLG1 was detected in the three patients. No deletions or pathogenic point mutations were found in mtDNA, but all three patients had mtDNA depletion.
Conclusions: POLG mutations should be considered in cases of teenagers and young adults with a sudden onset of intractable seizures or status epilepticus, and acute liver failure. The W748S POLG1 mutation seems to lead to tissue-specific, partial mtDNA depletion in patients with juvenile-onset Alpers syndrome. Valproic acid should be avoided in the treatment of epileptic seizures in these patients.