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Keywords:

  • Anticonvulsants;
  • Antiepileptic drugs;
  • Drug monitoring;
  • Epilepsy;
  • Pharmacokinetics;
  • Pregnancy outcome

Summary

Purpose: To study the impact of pregnancy on the serum concentration/dose ratio (C/D-ratio) of topiramate (TPM).

Methods: Twelve women with epilepsy using TPM during pregnancy, and 15 pregnancies were studied. The main target variable was the C/D-ratio at baseline and during pregnancy. Additional variables were changes in TPM dose, concomitant use of other antiepileptic drugs, seizure frequency, and pregnancy outcome. Clinical and pharmacological data were obtained from the women's medical records.

Results: The average C/D-ratios in the second and third trimester were 30% (p = 0.002, n = 11) and 34% (p = 0.001, n = 8) lower than the baseline values, respectively. The interindividual variability was pronounced. Increased seizure frequency was common in pregnant women using TPM, but a correlation to the decline in TPM C/D-ratio could not be established from our data.

Discussion: Dose-corrected serum concentrations of TPM appear to decline gradually throughout pregnancy. The underlying mechanisms are not known. Increased glomerular filtration may play a major role. During pregnancy, therapeutic drug monitoring of TPM may be useful.