FULL-LENGTH ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Prevalence of neurocysticercosis among people with epilepsy in rural areas of Burkina Faso
Article first published online: 13 NOV 2012
Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2012 International League Against Epilepsy
Volume 53, Issue 12, pages 2194–2202, December 2012
How to Cite
Millogo, A., Nitiéma, P., Carabin, H., Boncoeur-Martel, M. P., Rajshekhar, V., Tarnagda, Z., Praet, N., Dorny, P., Cowan, L., Ganaba, R., Hounton, S., Preux, P.-M. and Cissé, R. (2012), Prevalence of neurocysticercosis among people with epilepsy in rural areas of Burkina Faso. Epilepsia, 53: 2194–2202. doi: 10.1111/j.1528-1167.2012.03687.x
- Issue published online: 3 DEC 2012
- Article first published online: 13 NOV 2012
- Accepted August 6, 2012; Early View publication November 13, 2012.
- CT scan;
- Sub-Saharan Africa
Purpose: To estimate the lifetime prevalence of neurocysticercosis (NCC)–associated epilepsy and the proportion of NCC among people with epilepsy in three Burkina Faso villages.
Methods: Three villages were selected to represent three types of pig-rearing methods: (1) Batondo, where pigs are left to roam; (2) Pabré, where pigs are mostly tethered or penned; and (3) Nyonyogo, where the majority of residents are Muslim and few pigs are raised. In Batondo and Nyonyogo, all concessions (a group of several households) were included. Half of the concessions in Pabré were randomly chosen. All households of selected concessions were included, and one person per household was randomly selected for epilepsy screening and serologic testing for cysticercosis. Self-reported cases of epilepsy were also examined and confirmed cases included in analyses other than the estimate of NCC-associated epilepsy prevalence. Epilepsy was defined as ever having had more than one episode of unprovoked seizures. Individuals with medically confirmed epilepsy had a computerized tomography (CT) scan of the brain before and after contrast medium injection. The diagnosis of NCC was made using a modification of the criteria of Del Brutto et al.
Key Findings: Thirty-nine (4%) of 888 randomly selected villagers and 33 (94%) of 35 self-reported seizures cases were confirmed to have epilepsy by medical examination. Among the 68 participants with epilepsy who had a CT scan, 20 patients were diagnosed with definitive or probable NCC for a proportion of 46.9% (95% confidence interval [CI] 30.2–64.1) in Batondo and 45.5% (95% CI 19.0–74.1) in Pabré. No cases of NCC were identified in Nyonyogo.
Significance: All the definitive and probable cases of NCC were from the two villages where pig breeding is common. Prevention policies intended to reduce the burden of epilepsy in this country should include measures designed to interrupt the life cycle of Taenia solium.