SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Alboni P, Brignole M, Menozzi C, Raviele A, Del Rosso A, Dinelli M, Solano A, Bottoni N. (2001) Diagnostic value of history in patients with syncope with or without heart disease. J Am Coll Cardiol 37:19211928.
  • American Academy of Neurology. (1996) Consensus statement on the definition of orthostatic hypotension, pure autonomic failure, and multiple system atrophy. The Consensus Committee of the American Autonomic Society and the American Academy of Neurology. Neurology 46:1470.
  • Aminoff MJ, Scheinman MM, Griffin JC, Herre JM. (1988) Electrocerebral accompaniments of syncope associated with malignant ventricular arrhythmias. Ann Intern Med 108:791796.
  • Brignole M, Menozzi C, Bartoletti A, Giada F, Lagi A, Ungar A, Ponassi I, Mussi C, Maggi R, Re G, Furlan R, Rovelli G, Ponzi P, Scivales A. (2006) A new management of syncope: prospective systematic guideline-based evaluation of patients referred urgently to general hospitals. Eur Heart J 27:7682.
  • Brugada P, Brugada J. (1992) Right bundle branch block, persistent ST segment elevation and sudden cardiac death: a distinct clinical and electrocardiographic syndrome. A multicenter report. J Am Coll Cardiol 20:13911396.
  • Brugada P, Geelen P. (1997) Some electrocardiographic patterns predicting sudden cardiac death that every doctor should recognize. Acta Cardiol 52:473484.
  • Chadwick D, Jelen P, Almond S. (2010) Life and death diagnosis. Pract Neurol 10:155159.
  • Del Rosso A, Ungar A, Maggi R, Giada F, Petix NR, De Santo T, Menozzi C, Brignole M. (2008) Clinical predictors of cardiac syncope at initial evaluation in patients referred urgently to a general hospital: the EGSYS score. Heart 94:16201626.
  • di Barletta MR, Viatchenko-Karpinski S, Nori A, Memmi M, Terentyev D, Turcato F, Valle G, Rizzi N, Napolitano C, Gyorke S, Volpe P, Priori SG. (2006) Clinical phenotype and functional characterization of CASQ2 mutations associated with catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia. Circulation 114:10121019.
  • Ganzeboom KS, Colman N, Reitsma JB, Shen WK, Wieling W. (2003) Prevalence and triggers of syncope in medical students. Am J Cardiol 91:10061008, A1008.
  • Garratt CJ, Elliott P, Behr E, Camm AJ, Cowan C, Cruickshank S, Grace A, Griffith MJ, Jolly A, Lambiase P, McKeown P, O’Callagan P, Stuart G, Watkins H. (2010) Heart rhythm UK position statement on clinical indications for implantable cardioverter defibrillators in adult patients with familial sudden cardiac death syndromes. Europace 12:11561175.
  • Gibbons CH, Freeman R. (2006) Delayed orthostatic hypotension: a frequent cause of orthostatic intolerance. Neurology 67:2832.
  • Kapoor WN. (1990) Evaluation and outcome of patients with syncope. Medicine (Baltimore) 69:160175.
  • Kapoor WN, Hanusa BH. (1996) Is syncope a risk factor for poor outcomes? Comparison of patients with and without syncope. Am J Med 100:646655.
  • Kapoor WN, Karpf M, Wieand S, Peterson JR, Levey GS. (1983) A prospective evaluation and follow-up of patients with syncope. N Engl J Med 309:197204.
  • Kaufman ES. (2009) Mechanisms and clinical management of inherited channelopathies: long QT syndrome, Brugada syndrome, catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia, and short QT syndrome. Heart Rhythm 6:S51S55.
  • Leenhardt A, Lucet V, Denjoy I, Grau F, Ngoc DD, Coumel P. (1995) Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia in children. A 7-year follow-up of 21 patients. Circulation 91:15121519.
  • Lempert T, Bauer M, Schmidt D. (1994) Syncope: a videometric analysis of 56 episodes of transient cerebral hypoxia. Ann Neurol 36:233237.
  • Lipsitz LA, Wei JY, Rowe JW. (1985) Syncope in an elderly, institutionalised population: prevalence, incidence, and associated risk. Q J Med 55:4554.
  • Marban E. (2002) Cardiac channelopathies. Nature 415:213218.
  • Marsh E, O’Callaghan P, Smith PE. (2008) The humble electrocardiogram. Pract Neurol 8:4659.
  • Martin TP, Hanusa BH, Kapoor WN. (1997) Risk stratification of patients with syncope. Ann Emerg Med 29:459466.
  • Moya A, Sutton R, Ammirati F, Blanc JJ, Brignole M, Dahm JB, Deharo JC, Gajek J, Gjesdal K, Krahn A, Massin M, Pepi M, Pezawas T, Ruiz Granell R, Sarasin F, Ungar A, van Dijk JG, Walma EP, Wieling W. (2009) Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of syncope (version 2009). Eur Heart J 30:26312671.
  • Priori SG, Napolitano C, Tiso N, Memmi M, Vignati G, Bloise R, Sorrentino V, Danieli GA. (2001) Mutations in the cardiac ryanodine receptor gene (hRyR2) underlie catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia. Circulation 103:196200.
  • Quinn J, McDermott D, Stiell I, Kohn M, Wells G. (2006) Prospective validation of the San Francisco Syncope Rule to predict patients with serious outcomes. Ann Emerg Med 47:448454.
  • Schwartz PJ, Spazzolini C, Crotti L, Bathen J, Amlie JP, Timothy K, Shkolnikova M, Berul CI, Bitner-Glindzicz M, Toivonen L, Horie M, Schulze-Bahr E, Denjoy I. (2006) The Jervell and Lange–Nielsen syndrome: natural history, molecular basis, and clinical outcome. Circulation 113:783790.
  • Sheldon R, Rose S, Connolly S, Ritchie D, Koshman ML, Frenneaux M. (2006) Diagnostic criteria for vasovagal syncope based on a quantitative history. Eur Heart J 27:344350.
  • Shimizu W, Aiba T, Kamakura S. (2005) Mechanisms of disease: current understanding and future challenges in Brugada syndrome. Nat Clin Pract Cardiovasc Med 2:408414.
  • Soteriades ES, Evans JC, Larson MG, Chen MH, Chen L, Benjamin EJ, Levy D. (2002) Incidence and prognosis of syncope. N Engl J Med 347:878885.
  • van Dijk N, Boer KR, Colman N, Bakker A, Stam J, van Grieken JJ, Wilde AA, Linzer M, Reitsma JB, Wieling W. (2008) High diagnostic yield and accuracy of history, physical examination, and ECG in patients with transient loss of consciousness in FAST: the Fainting Assessment study. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 19:4855.
  • Viskin S, Rosovski U, Sands AJ, Chen E, Kistler PM, Kalman JM, Rodriguez Chavez L, Iturralde Torres P, Cruz FF, Centurion OA, Fujiki A, Maury P, Chen X, Krahn AD, Roithinger F, Zhang L, Vincent GM, Zeltser D. (2005) Inaccurate electrocardiographic interpretation of long QT: the majority of physicians cannot recognize a long QT when they see one. Heart Rhythm 2:569574.
  • Webster G, Berul CI. (2008) Congenital long-QT syndromes: a clinical and genetic update from infancy through adulthood. Trends Cardiovasc Med 18:216224.
  • Westby M, Bullock I, Cooper PN, Davis S. (2010) Transient loss of consciousness – initial assessment, diagnosis, and specialist referral: summary of NICE guidance. BMJ 341:c4457.