Management of ungual warts
Article first published online: 4 DEC 2012
© 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Volume 25, Issue 6, pages 545–550, November/December 2012
How to Cite
Herschthal, J., McLeod, M. P. and Zaiac, M. (2012), Management of ungual warts. Dermatologic Therapy, 25: 545–550. doi: 10.1111/j.1529-8019.2012.01509.x
- Issue published online: 4 DEC 2012
- Article first published online: 4 DEC 2012
- human papilloma virus
Warts are the most common nail tumor generally caused by human papilloma virus (HPV) 1, 2, 4, 27, and 57. HPV 16 and 18 are associated with malignant transformation to squamous cell carcinoma, while HPV 2 and 7 are associated with “butcher's warts.” Current treatments range from topical and intralesional therapies to systemic agents and surgical procedures. Despite the numerous available possibilities for treatment, intralesional bleomycin appears to be the most effective treatment for periungual warts.