Accepted 7 May 1987.
UDPGLUCOSE PYROPHOSPHORYLASE ACTIVITY IN THE DIATOM CYCLOTELLA CRYPTICA. PATHWAY OF CHRYSOLAMINARIN BIOSYNTHESIS 1
Article first published online: 30 APR 2007
Journal of Phycology
Volume 23, Issue 3, pages 494–498, September 1987
How to Cite
Roessler, P. G. (1987), UDPGLUCOSE PYROPHOSPHORYLASE ACTIVITY IN THE DIATOM CYCLOTELLA CRYPTICA. PATHWAY OF CHRYSOLAMINARIN BIOSYNTHESIS . Journal of Phycology, 23: 494–498. doi: 10.1111/j.1529-8817.1987.tb02536.x
- Issue published online: 30 APR 2007
- Article first published online: 30 APR 2007
- Cyclotella: diatom;
- glucan synthesis;
UDPglucose pyrophosphorylase activity was detected in cell-free extracts of the diatom Cyclotella cryptica TI3L Reimann, Lewin and Guillard. When assayed in the direction of UDPglucose formation, the enzyme had maximal activity at pH 7.8 and was stimulated by Mg2+and Mn2+ions. 3-Phosphoglycerate and inorganic phosphate had little effect on enzymatic activity, and the enzyme was relatively insensitive to feedback inhibition from UDPglucose (K, > I millimolar).
A glucan was formed from UDP-[14C]glucose in cell-free extracts of C. cryptica. This glucan had a median molecular weight of 4600 (as determined by gel filtration chromatograbhy) and could be hydrolyzed by laminarinase. Partial acid hydrolysis of the glucan resulted in the formation of glucose and laminaribiose. but not cellobiose. These results suggest that the synthesis of chrysolaminarin (the major storage carbohydrate of diatoms) occurs via the activity of UDPglucose pyrophosphorylase. followed by glucosyl transfer from UDPglucose to the growing β-(1–3)-linked glucan.