Supported in part by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Grant AA01455(0I-05). Supplemental support was received from the University of Washington Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Institute, the U.W. Child Development and Mental Retardation Center, and HRA Grant 5 R01 MB 00184.
Effects of Maternal Alcohol, Nicotine, and Caffeine Use During Pregnancy on Infant Mental and Motor Development at Eight Months
Article first published online: 1 FEB 2008
Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
Volume 4, Issue 2, pages 152–164, April 1980
How to Cite
Streissguth, A. P., Barr, H. M., Martin, D. C. and Herman, C. S. (1980), Effects of Maternal Alcohol, Nicotine, and Caffeine Use During Pregnancy on Infant Mental and Motor Development at Eight Months. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 4: 152–164. doi: 10.1111/j.1530-0277.1980.tb05630.x
- Issue published online: 1 FEB 2008
- Article first published online: 1 FEB 2008
- Received for publication June 5, 1979; accepted October 19, 1979
Infant mental and motor development at 8 mo of age is significantly related to maternal alcohol use during early pregnancy. Data on 462 infants were analyzed with multiple regression techniques, adjusting for effects of nicotine, caffeine, gestational age, parity, and maternal education. Other possible intervening variables were evaluated and not found to explain the results. This study presents further evidence that maternal alcohol use during pregnancy at levels of about four drinks per day and above has an adverse effect on offspring, even in a sample that is basically low risk.