This work has been supported in part by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism Grant AA06571, the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Grant HD14883, the March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation Grant 12–69 to CBE, by Grant M01-RR00210 to the Perinatal Clinical Research Center at MetroHealth Medical Center, and by National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism Grants AA03282 and AA06334 to RJS.
Prenatal Alcohol Exposure and Language Development
Article first published online: 11 APR 2006
Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
Volume 14, Issue 6, pages 937–945, December 1990
How to Cite
Greene, T., Emhart, C. B., Martier, S., Sokol, R. and Ager, J. (1990), Prenatal Alcohol Exposure and Language Development. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 14: 937–945. doi: 10.1111/j.1530-0277.1990.tb01842.x
- Issue published online: 11 APR 2006
- Article first published online: 11 APR 2006
- Received for publication January 9, 1990; accepted July 24, 1990.
The effects of fetal alcohol exposure on language and speech acquisition were investigated in a cohort of socioeconomically disadvantaged urban children. Language development was assessed by instruments derived from the Expressive and Receptive Scales of the Sequenced Inventory of Communication Development (SICD) at 1, 2, and 3 years, and by indices constructed from a taped speech sample at age 2 years. Three indices of maternal drinking were supplemented with birth weight and a tally of craniofacial anomalies as early indicators of fetal alcohol damage. No statistically significant relationships were found between the alcohol and language indices after statistical control for confounding variables. The anomalies tally was marginally related to reduced language scores. The statistical significance of this relationship, depended, however, on a single child with the characteristics of fetal alcohol syndrome. The pattern of results suggested that the anomalies tally, and to a lesser extent birth weight, are more sensitive indicators of fetal alcohol exposure than subsequent language development.