This research was conducted at the University of Missouri-Columbia and was supported, in part, by Grant AA-7231 from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (K.J.S.).
Anxiety and Drinking Behavior: Moderating Effects of Tension-Reduction Alcohol Outcome Expectancies
Article first published online: 11 APR 2006
Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
Volume 18, Issue 4, pages 852–860, August 1994
How to Cite
Kushner, M. G., Sher, K. J., Wood, M. D. and Wood, P. K. (1994), Anxiety and Drinking Behavior: Moderating Effects of Tension-Reduction Alcohol Outcome Expectancies. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 18: 852–860. doi: 10.1111/j.1530-0277.1994.tb00050.x
- Issue published online: 11 APR 2006
- Article first published online: 11 APR 2006
- Received for publication June 21, 1993; accepted February 8, 1994
- Alcohol Outcome Expectancies
We evaluated whether alcohol outcome expectancies moderate the association between measures of anxiety and alcohol use. Student subjects completed questionnaires related to their level of anxiety, recent alcohol-use patterns, and outcome expectancies for alcohol to be tension reducing. Interviews were used to determine the presence or absence of alcohol dependence in subjects and in their first- and second-degree relatives. Consistent with predictions, male subjects with high tension-reduction alcohol outcome expectancies showed a stronger positive correlation between measures of anxiety and drinking behavior than did male subjects with low tensionreduction outcome expectancies. However, this effect was not found for female subjects. We note past studies showing similar gender effects, and relate the overall study findings to the tension-reduction hypothesis of stress-induced drinking.