Alcohol Use Disorder among Adolescents: Impact of Paternal Alcoholism on Drinking Behavior, Drinking Motivation, and Consequences

Authors

  • Ralph E. Tarter,

    Corresponding author
    1. Center for Education and Drug Abuse Research, University of Pittsburgh Medical School and St. Francis Medical Center (R.E.T., L.K.), and the Pittsburgh Adolescent Alcohol Research Center (0.B. C.), Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
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  • Levent Kirisci,

    1. Center for Education and Drug Abuse Research, University of Pittsburgh Medical School and St. Francis Medical Center (R.E.T., L.K.), and the Pittsburgh Adolescent Alcohol Research Center (0.B. C.), Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
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  • Duncan B. Clark

    1. Center for Education and Drug Abuse Research, University of Pittsburgh Medical School and St. Francis Medical Center (R.E.T., L.K.), and the Pittsburgh Adolescent Alcohol Research Center (0.B. C.), Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
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  • This study was supported by National Institute on Drug Abuse center grant DA 05605 and National lnstitute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism grant AA08746.

Reprint requests: Rabh Tarter, Ph.D., Department of Psychiatry (WPlC), University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, 3811 O'Hara Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15213.

Abstract

This study examined the impact of an Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) in biological fathers on drinking history, context, motivation, and consequences in male and female adolescents dichotomized according to the presence or absence of an AUD. Main effects for paternal history of an AUD were not found on any variable. Significant interactions were observed between father-son diagnostic status with respect to age of first alcohol use (p < 0.001) and peer relationships (p < 0.001). No significant interactions were observed between father-daughter diagnostic status. As expected, adolescents with AUD differed from adolescents without AUD on numerous variables pertaining to drinking behavior, history, and consequences. These findings indicate that there is no strong or pervasive effect of paternal AUD on adolescent offspring's AUD characteristics. Key Words: Adolescence, Drug Abuse, Alcoholism, Family History.

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