Effect of Prostaglandin E Receptor Subtype EP4 Selective Agonist on the Secretion of Tumor Necrosis Factor-α by Macrophages in Acute Ethanol-Loaded Rats
Article first published online: 11 APR 2006
Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
Volume 28, Issue Supplement s2, pages 123S–128S, August 2004
How to Cite
Nakatani, Y., Kitazawa, T., Fujimoto, M., Tamura, N., Uemura, M., Yamao, J. and Fukui, H. (2004), Effect of Prostaglandin E Receptor Subtype EP4 Selective Agonist on the Secretion of Tumor Necrosis Factor-α by Macrophages in Acute Ethanol-Loaded Rats. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 28: 123S–128S. doi: 10.1111/j.1530-0277.2004.tb03229.x
- Issue published online: 11 APR 2006
- Article first published online: 11 APR 2006
- Prostaglandin Receptor Subtype EP4;
Background: It is suggested that endotoxin and proinflammatory cytokines play an important role in the development and progression of alcoholic liver disease. Recently, a prostaglandin receptor subtype EP4 agonist with cytoprotective effect has been developed. We examined the efficacy of an EP4 agonist ONO-AE1-437 on tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) secretion of Kupffer cells, splenic macrophages, and alveolar macrophages in acute ethanol-loaded rats.
Methods: Kupffer cells, splenic macrophages, and alveolar macrophages were isolated from control and acute ethanol-loaded rats (5 mg/g body weight of ethanol, intraperitoneally). After the preculture in the medium that containing 0, 0.1, 1, 10, or 100 nmol/liter of ONO-AE1-437, TNF-α secretion of these cells stimulated by 100 ng/ml of endotoxin was determined for 3 hr.
Results: The amount of TNF-α secreted from alveolar macrophages was largest in both the control and the acute ethanol-loaded rats. Acute ethanol load enhances TNF-α secretion of splenic macrophages. The addition of ONO-AE1-437 significantly inhibited TNF-α secretion of Kupffer cells and splenic macrophages in both the control and the acute ethanol-loaded rats. Alveolar macrophages were less affected.
Conclusions: An EP4 agonist ONO-AE1-437 suppresses excess TNF-α secretion from macrophages and seems promising for future trial in patients with severe alcoholic hepatitis.