Ecological Associations of Alcohol Outlets With Underage and Young Adult Injuries
Article first published online: 17 DEC 2009
Copyright © 2009 by the Research Society on Alcoholism
Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
Volume 34, Issue 3, pages 519–527, March 2010
How to Cite
Gruenewald, P. J., Freisthler, B., Remer, L., LaScala, E. A., Treno, A. J. and Ponicki, W. R. (2010), Ecological Associations of Alcohol Outlets With Underage and Young Adult Injuries. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 34: 519–527. doi: 10.1111/j.1530-0277.2009.01117.x
- Issue published online: 2 MAR 2010
- Article first published online: 17 DEC 2009
- Received for publication May 28, 2009; accepted October 15, 2009.
- Alcohol Outlets;
- Underage Drinking;
- Young Adult Drinking;
- Drinking-Related Problems;
- Hospital Discharges
Objective: This paper argues that associations between rates of 3 specific problems related to alcohol (i.e., accidents, traffic crashes, and assaults) should be differentially related to densities of alcohol outlets among underage youth and young adults based upon age-related patterns of alcohol outlet use.
Methods: Zip code-level population models assessed local and distal effects of alcohol outlets upon rates of hospital discharges for these outcomes.
Results: Densities of off-premise alcohol outlets were significantly related to injuries from accidents, assaults, and traffic crashes for both underage youth and young adults. Densities of bars were associated with more assaults and densities of restaurants were associated with more traffic crash injuries for young adults.
Conclusions: The distribution of alcohol-related injuries relative to alcohol outlets reflect patterns of alcohol outlet use.