Individual Differences in Problem Drinking Among Tribal Members From One First Nation Community
Article first published online: 26 OCT 2010
Copyright © 2010 by the Research Society on Alcoholism
Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
Volume 34, Issue 11, pages 1985–1992, November 2010
How to Cite
Spillane, N. S. and Smith, G. T. (2010), Individual Differences in Problem Drinking Among Tribal Members From One First Nation Community. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 34: 1985–1992. doi: 10.1111/j.1530-0277.2010.01288.x
- Issue published online: 26 OCT 2010
- Article first published online: 26 OCT 2010
- Received for publication November 9, 2009; accepted May 21, 2010.
- First Nations People;
- Problem Drinking;
- Alcohol Expectancies
Background: Health disparities related to drinking in native communities are of concern. Although individuals living in native communities have high rates of problem drinking, there is also variability in their drinking levels. The authors conducted a test of a model of First Nation drinking risk that incorporates personality and psychosocial learning to examine its cross-cultural applicability. That model identifies a risk process thought to explain aspects of individual differences in both native problem drinking and non-native problem drinking. One implication of the theory is that positive alcohol expectancies mediate the influence of negative urgency (the tendency to act rashly when distressed) on problem drinking similarly for both cultures.
Methods: We administered questionnaires to a total of 211 First Nation people and 236 Caucasians.
Results: A structural modeling analysis of 211 First Nation people and 236 Caucasian people found that (i) personality, alcohol expectancy, and problem drinking measures were invariant across the 2 cultures and (ii) results consistent with the hypothesis that positive alcohol expectancies mediated the influence of negative urgency on problem drinking were also invariant across culture.
Conclusions: The findings support the theory that personality traits and psychosocial learning are important determinants of problem drinking in First Nation people and Caucasians.