Can We Assess Blood Alcohol Levels of Attendees Leaving Professional Sporting Events?
Article first published online: 11 JAN 2011
Copyright © 2011 by the Research Society on Alcoholism
Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
Volume 35, Issue 4, pages 689–694, April 2011
How to Cite
Erickson, D. J., Toomey, T. L., Lenk, K. M., Kilian, G. R. and Fabian, L. E. A. (2011), Can We Assess Blood Alcohol Levels of Attendees Leaving Professional Sporting Events?. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 35: 689–694. doi: 10.1111/j.1530-0277.2010.01386.x
- Issue published online: 28 MAR 2011
- Article first published online: 11 JAN 2011
- Received for publication March 1, 2010; accepted September 23, 2010
- Blood Alcohol Content;
Background: We measured blood alcohol content (BAC) levels of attendees at professional sporting events and assessed the factors associated with higher BACs.
Methods: We conducted BAC tests of 362 adult attendees following 13 baseball games and three football games. We ran multivariate analyses to obtain factors associated with the risk of having a higher BAC.
Results: In this assessment, 40% of the participants had a positive BAC, ranging from 0.005 to 0.217. Those who reported tailgating before the event had 14 times the odds of having a BAC > 0.08 and those under age 35 had nearly 8 times the odds of having a BAC > 0.08 (both compared to a zero BAC). Attendees of Monday night football games were more likely to have positive BACs compared to attendees at all other games.
Conclusions: We found that it is feasible to assess BAC levels of attendees at professional sporting events. Our findings suggest that a significant number of attendees at professional sporting events may have elevated BAC levels, particularly young adults and those who participated in tailgating activities. Further research using a representative sample is warranted to confirm the findings from this preliminary study.