Ethanol Exposure in Early Adolescence Inhibits Intrinsic Neuronal Plasticity via Sigma-1 Receptor Activation in Hippocampal CA1 Neurons
Article first published online: 11 FEB 2011
Copyright © 2011 by the Research Society on Alcoholism
Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
Volume 35, Issue 5, pages 885–904, May 2011
How to Cite
Sabeti, J. (2011), Ethanol Exposure in Early Adolescence Inhibits Intrinsic Neuronal Plasticity via Sigma-1 Receptor Activation in Hippocampal CA1 Neurons. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 35: 885–904. doi: 10.1111/j.1530-0277.2010.01419.x
- Issue published online: 26 APR 2011
- Article first published online: 11 FEB 2011
- Received for publication April 27, 2010; accepted October 13, 2010.
- Chronic Intermittent Ethanol;
- Sigma-1 Receptors;
- EPSP-Spike (E-S) Coupling
Background: We demonstrated previously that rats exposed to chronic intermittent ethanol (CIE) vapors in early adolescence show increased magnitudes of long-term potentiation (LTP) of excitatory transmission when recorded at dendritic synapses in hippocampus. Large amplitude LTP following CIE exposure is mediated by sigma-1 receptors; however, not yet addressed is the role of sigma-1 receptors in modulating the intrinsic properties of neurons to alter their action potential firing during LTP.
Methods: Activity-induced plasticity of spike firing was investigated using rat hippocampal slice recordings to measure changes in both field excitatory postsynaptic potentials (fEPSPs) and population spikes (pop. spikes) concomitantly at dendritic inputs and soma of CA1 pyramidal neurons, respectively.
Results: We observed unique modifications in plasticity of action potential firing in hippocampal slices from CIE exposed adolescent rats, where the induction of large amplitude LTP by 100 Hz stimulations was accompanied by reduced CA1 neuronal excitability––reflected as decreased pop. spike efficacy and impaired activity-induced fEPSP-to-spike (E-S) potentiation. In contrast, LTP induction in ethanol-naïve control slices resulted in increased spike efficacy and robust E-S potentiation. E-S potentiation impairments emerged at 24 hours after CIE treatment cessation, but not before the alcohol withdrawal period, and were restored with bath-application of the sigma-1 receptor selective antagonist BD1047, but not the NMDA receptor antagonist d-AP5. Further evidence revealed a significantly shortened somatic fEPSP time course in adolescent CIE-withdrawn hippocampal slices during LTP; however, paired-pulse data show no apparent correspondence between E-S dissociation and altered recurrent feedback inhibition.
Conclusions: Results here suggest that acute withdrawal from adolescent CIE exposure triggers sigma-1 receptors that act to depress the efficacy of excitatory inputs in triggering action potentials during LTP. Such withdrawal-induced depression of E-S plasticity in hippocampus probably entails sigma-1 receptor modulation of 1 or several voltage-gated ion channels controlling the neuronal input–output dynamics.