The Presence of p47phox in Liver Parenchymal Cells is a Key Mediator in the Pathogenesis of Alcoholic Liver Steatosis
Version of Record online: 29 FEB 2012
Copyright © 2012 by the Research Society on Alcoholism
Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
Volume 36, Issue 8, pages 1397–1406, August 2012
How to Cite
Levin, I., Petrasek, J. and Szabo, G. (2012), The Presence of p47phox in Liver Parenchymal Cells is a Key Mediator in the Pathogenesis of Alcoholic Liver Steatosis. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 36: 1397–1406. doi: 10.1111/j.1530-0277.2012.01739.x
- Issue online: 1 AUG 2012
- Version of Record online: 29 FEB 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 30 NOV 2011
- Manuscript Received: 17 JUN 2011
- Diabetes Endocrinology Research Center. Grant Numbers: R21 AA017544, RO1 AA011576, DK32520
- Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide Phosphate Oxidase;
- Adipocyte Differentiation–Related Protein;
- Alcoholic Liver Disease
Reactive oxygen species contribute to steatosis and inflammation in alcoholic liver disease (ALD). Here, we evaluated the selective contribution of p47phox, a critical subunit of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase (NADPH) oxidase complex, in liver parenchymal cells and in bone marrow (BM)-derived cells.
Female C57Bl/6 wild type [WT], total body p47phox-deficient knockout [KO] or p47phox chimera mice generated by BM transplantation of p47phox-KO-BM into irradiated WT mice (WT/p47phox-KO-BM mice) received 5% Lieber–DeCarli alcohol or control (pair feeding) diet for 4 weeks.
Alcohol-induced liver steatosis as measured by Oil Red O staining and serum triglyceride up-regulation were prevented in p47phox-KO mice but not in WT/p47phox-KO-BM chimeras compared to WT controls. Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) was significantly increased in alcohol-fed WT mice but not in p47phox-KO mice compared to pair-fed controls. There was no protection from alcohol-induced increase in ALT and liver damage in the WT/p47phox-KO-BM mice. Alcohol-induced liver steatosis was accompanied by up-regulation of the lipid droplet–stabilizing protein, adipocyte differentiation–related protein (ADRP), and the fatty acid synthesis–associated genes, fatty acid synthase (FASN) and acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACACA). Total body deficiency in p47phox but not selective absence of p47phox in BM-derived cells prevented alcohol-induced up-regulation of ADRP, FASN, and ACACA in the liver. Finally, alcohol-induced activation and DNA binding of nuclear factor κB (NF-κB), a master regulator of inflammation, were significantly increased after alcohol feeding in WT but not in p47phox-KO mice. Selective deficiency of p47phox in BM-derived cells (WT/p47phox-KO-BM chimera) failed to prevent NF-κB induction after alcohol feeding.
Total body deficiency in p47phox subunit of NADPH oxidase complex protects mice from alcohol-induced liver steatosis via mechanisms involving ADRP, FASN, and ACACA as well as from alcohol-induced NF-κB activation. In contrast, selective absence of p47phox in BM-derived cells fails to provide protection via these mechanisms. These results suggest that p47phox in parenchymal cells plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of ALD.