Associations Between Selected State Laws and Teenagers' Drinking and Driving Behaviors
Article first published online: 15 JUN 2012
Copyright © 2012 by the Research Society on Alcoholism
Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
Volume 36, Issue 9, pages 1647–1652, September 2012
How to Cite
Cavazos-Rehg, P. A., Krauss, M. J., Spitznagel, E. L., Chaloupka, F. J., Schootman, M., Grucza, R. A. and Bierut, L. J. (2012), Associations Between Selected State Laws and Teenagers' Drinking and Driving Behaviors. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 36: 1647–1652. doi: 10.1111/j.1530-0277.2012.01764.x
- Issue published online: 6 SEP 2012
- Article first published online: 15 JUN 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 9 JAN 2012
- Manuscript Received: 30 AUG 2011
- National Center for Research Resources NCRR. Grant Number: UL1 RR024992 and KL2 RR024994
- National Institutes of Health (NIH)
- NIH Roadmap for Medical Research
- NIH. Grant Number: K02DA021237
- NIH Career Development Award (NIDA). Grant Number: K01DA025733
- NIH Midcareer Investigator Award. Grant Number: K02 DA021237
- Drinking and Driving;
- Teenage Risk Behaviors
We examined the associations between selected state-level graduated driving licensing (GDL) laws and use-and-lose laws (laws that allow for the suspension of a driver's license for underage alcohol violations including purchase, possession, or consumption) with individual-level alcohol-related traffic risk behaviors among high school youth.
Logistic regression models with fixed effects for state were used to examine the associations between the selected state-level laws and drinking and driving behaviors youth aged 16 to 17 years (obtained from the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS); responses dichotomized as “0 times” or “1 or more times”) over an extended period of time (1999 to 2009).
A total of 11.7% of students reported having driven after drinking any alcohol and 28.2% reported riding in a car with a driver who had been drinking on 1 or more occasions in the past 30 days. Restrictive GDL laws and use-and-lose laws were associated with decreased driving after drinking any alcohol and riding in a car with a driver who had been drinking alcohol.
Restrictive GDL and use-and-lose laws may help to bolster societal expectations and values about the hazards of drinking and driving behaviors and are therefore partly responsible for the decline in these alcohol-related traffic risk behaviors.