Glucocorticoid hormones modulate acute and chronic behavioral and molecular responses to drugs of abuse including psychostimulants and opioids. There is growing evidence that glucocorticoids might also modulate behavioral responses to ethanol ( EtOH ). Acute EtOH activates the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis, causing the release of adrenal glucocorticoid hormones. Our prior genomic studies suggest that glucocorticoids play a role in regulating gene expression in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) of DBA2/J (D2) mice following acute EtOH administration. However, few studies have analyzed the role of glucocorticoid signaling in behavioral responses to acute EtOH . Such work could be significant, given the predictive value for the level of response to acute EtOH in the risk for alcoholism.