This research was supported by NSF grants 0517150 and 1741696 to Daniel A. Krauss.
Just World Beliefs, Expert Psychological Testimony, and Verdicts: A Mediational Model
Article first published online: 6 MAR 2012
© 2012 The Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues
Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy
Volume 12, Issue 1, pages 340–363, December 2012
How to Cite
Dover, T. L., Matthews, M., Krauss, D. A. and Levin, S. (2012), Just World Beliefs, Expert Psychological Testimony, and Verdicts: A Mediational Model. Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy, 12: 340–363. doi: 10.1111/j.1530-2415.2011.01278.x
- Issue published online: 18 DEC 2012
- Article first published online: 6 MAR 2012
This study assessed the role of expert testimony and just world beliefs (JWB) in decisions made in a sexually violent predator (SVP) trial. Three participant samples (student, juror, and community; total N = 534) completed items measuring JWB and watched a 1-hour videotaped trial simulation that featured a psychologist offering different types of expert testimony in a SVP hearing. After the opening statements and at the end of the trial presentation, participants made commitment decisions and rated their confidence in their decision. They also rated the expert testimony on influence, credibility, scientificness, and confidence. Results indicated that favorable attitudes toward the expert mediated the relationship between JWB and commitment decisions. This relationship did not differ depending on type of expert testimony (clinical vs. actuarial) proffered. The legal and policy implications of the findings are discussed.