Waste Valorization, Loop-Closing, and Industrial Ecology
Waste valorization is the treatment of waste for beneficial use as raw material or as an energy carrier, with emphasis on processes and practices that reduce emissions and related environmental impacts. The term valorization typically refers to efforts to make use of bulk, production-related wastes, such as wood waste, paper sludge, incinerator ash, metal slags, or foundry sands.
Address correspondence to:
Prof. Ange Nzihou
Ecole des Mines d’Albi-Carmaux
Campus Jarlard, Route de Teillet
81013 ALBI CT Cedex 09