Policy Strategies to Promote Eco-Innovation

An Integrated Framework


Address correspondence to:
Pablo del Río
Instituto de Políticas Públicas
Consejo Superior de Investigaciones
Científicas (CSIC)
C/Albasanz, 26-28. Madrid 28037, Spain


This article elaborates an integrated policy framework, including policy features and specific measures that can be implemented to mitigate the barriers to eco-innovations. We claim that factors inhibiting the development and uptake of eco-innovations are multifaceted and stem from different sources. This systems view, which highlights the multilayered conception of the obstacles to eco-innovation, calls for a combination of environmental and technology policies adapted to the different barriers and characteristics of the technologies. Drawing on evolutionary economics, the article sheds light on the appropriate combinations of framework conditions and instruments that are most effective to promote eco-innovation, considering different barriers and eco-innovation types (process/product, mature/immature, and radical/incremental).