jiec543-sup-0001-S1.pdf516KSupporting Information S1: This supporting information consists of six sections. In the first section, the life cycle inventories from the Ecoinvent database (Ecoinvent Centre 2010) used in the life cycle assessment (LCA) model are listed. The second section describes the submodels for the landfill and the wastewater treatment plant based on the work of Doka (2009). In the third section, the system equations of the mass flow models for sintering and blast furnace are presented. Model parameters and results complementary to those presented in the main article for the first and the second part of the case study are given in the fourth and fifth section, respectively. Finally, the results and the discussion on the assessment of charcoal as a reducing agent in ironmaking are further elaborated upon in section six.

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