This work was supported by grants from the Paul Beeson Physician Faculty Scholar in Aging Award, the Ellison Medical Foundation Senior Scholar Award (RO1 AG-18728–01A1), the General Clinical Research Center (MO1-RR12248-05), and the Diabetes Research and Training Center (DK 20541) at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine.
Clinical Phenotype of Families with Longevity
Article first published online: 22 JAN 2004
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Volume 52, Issue 2, pages 274–277, February 2004
How to Cite
Atzmon, G., Schechter, C., Greiner, W., Davidson, D., Rennert, G. and Barzilai, N. (2004), Clinical Phenotype of Families with Longevity. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 52: 274–277. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2004.52068.x
- Issue published online: 22 JAN 2004
- Article first published online: 22 JAN 2004
- cardiovascular risks
Objectives: To determine whether offspring of centenarians acquired protection from age-related diseases.
Design: Case-control study.
Setting: The study was part of the Longevity Genes Project at Albert Einstein College of Medicine.
Participants: Centenarians (n=145), offspring of centenarians (n=180), and spouses of the offspring of centenarians (n=75) as a control group. Two additional groups served as controls: age-matched Ashkenazi Jews, and an age-matched control group from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.
Measurements: Self-reported family history of longevity; prevalence of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, heart attacks, and strokes; and objective measurements of body mass index and fat mass.
Results: Parents of centenarians (born in approximately 1870) had a markedly greater (∼sevenfold) “risk” for longevity (reaching ages 90–99), supporting the notion that genetics contributed to longevity in these families. The offspring of long-lived parents had significantly lower prevalence of hypertension (by 23%), diabetes mellitus (by 50%), heart attacks (by 60%), and strokes (no events reported) than several age-matched control groups.
Conclusion: Offspring of centenarians may inherit significantly better health. The authors suggest that a cohort of these subjects and their spouses is ideal to study the phenotype and genotype of longevity and its interaction with the environment.