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Keywords:

  • interdisciplinary intervention;
  • hip fracture;
  • older people;
  • health-related quality of life;
  • geriatric depression

Objectives: To evaluate an interdisciplinary intervention program for older people with hip fracture in Taiwan.

Design: Randomized experimental design.

Setting: A 3,800-bed medical center in northern Taiwan.

Participants: Elderly patients with hip fracture (N=137) were randomly assigned to an experimental (n=68) or control (n=69) group.

Intervention: An interdisciplinary program of geriatric consultation, continuous rehabilitation, and discharge planning.

Measurements: Demographic and outcome variables were measured. Outcome variables included service utilization, clinical outcomes, self-care abilities, health-related quality-of-life (HRQOL) outcomes, and depressive symptoms.

Results: Subjects in the experimental group improved significantly more than those in the control group in the following outcomes: ratio of hip flexion 1 month after discharge (P=.02), recovery of previous walking ability at 1 month (P=.04) and 3 months (P=.001) after discharge, and activities of daily living at 1 month (P=.01) and 2 months (P=.001) after discharge. Three months after discharge, the experimental group showed significant improvement in peak force of the fractured limb's quadriceps (P=.04) and the following health outcomes: bodily pain (P=.03), vitality (P<.001), mental health (P=.02), physical function (P< .001), and role physical (P=.006). They also had fewer depressive symptoms (P=.008) 3 months after discharge.

Conclusion: This intervention program may benefit older people with hip fractures in Taiwan by improving their clinical outcomes, self-care abilities, and HRQOL and by decreasing depressive symptoms within 3 months after discharge.