Get access

The Health Consequences of Peripheral Neurological Deficits in an Elderly Cohort: An Oklahoma Physicians Resource/Research Network Study

Authors


  • Presented as an abstract at the North American Primary Care Research Group 33rd Annual Meeting, October 16, 2005, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada.

Address correspondence to James W. Mold, MD, MPH, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, 900 NE 10th Street, Oklahoma City, OK 73104. E-mail: james-mold@ouhsc.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the belief that loss of deep tendon reflexes and vibratory sensation in the ankles in older patients is of no great consequence is valid.

DESIGN: Four-year longitudinal cohort study.

SETTING: Primary care practice–based research network.

PARTICIPANTS: Six hundred four noninstitutionalized individuals aged 65 and older with no self-reported medical conditions known to cause peripheral neuropathy (PN), recruited from the practices of 23 primary care physicians in central Oklahoma.

MEASUREMENTS: Annual standardized peripheral neurological examination performed by two research nurses plus a questionnaire that included self-reported measures of health, health-related quality of life (HRQoL Quality of Well-Being—Self Administered (QWB-SA) and Health Utilities Index-3 (HUI-3), physical functioning—(Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short Form Survey (SF-36)), falls, and use of healthcare services. Deaths were determined from participant contacts, primary care physicians, and the Social Security death index.

RESULTS: One hundred sixty of 604 participants had symmetrical peripheral neurological deficits (SPNDs). After controlling for age, sex, race, education, income, body mass index, HRQoL, physical functioning, self-rated health, cognitive test score, and a variety of medical conditions, SPNDs were associated with earlier hospitalization (P=.03); greater mortality (P<.001); and declines in HRQoL (QWB-SA, P<.001), self-rated health (P=.02) physical functioning (SF-36, P=.005), and bodily pain (SF-36, P=.001).

CONCLUSION: SPNDs of undetermined cause, found in older patients on physical examination, appear to be associated with greater morbidity and mortality.

Ancillary