Prevalence of Sarcopenia Estimated Using a Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis Prediction Equation in Community-Dwelling Elderly People in Taiwan
Article first published online: 6 AUG 2008
© 2008, Copyright the Authors. Journal compilation © 2008, The American Geriatrics Society
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Volume 56, Issue 9, pages 1710–1715, September 2008
How to Cite
Chien, M.-Y., Huang, T.-Y. and Wu, Y.-T. (2008), Prevalence of Sarcopenia Estimated Using a Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis Prediction Equation in Community-Dwelling Elderly People in Taiwan. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 56: 1710–1715. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2008.01854.x
- Issue published online: 3 SEP 2008
- Article first published online: 6 AUG 2008
- skeletal muscle;
- bioelectrical impedance analysis;
- magnetic resonance imaging
OBJECTIVES: To compare a bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) prediction equation for estimating skeletal muscle mass (SM) with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-measured SM and to investigate the prevalence of sarcopenia in community-dwelling elderly people in Taiwan.
DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey.
SETTING: Communities in the district of Zhongzheng, Taipei.
PARTICIPANTS: Forty-one volunteers (aged 22–90) for BIA equation validation; 302 individuals aged 65 and older and 200 adults aged 18 to 40 for the investigation of the prevalence of sarcopenia.
MEASUREMENTS: Skeletal muscle mass was estimated using a BIA prediction equation and measured using MRI.
RESULTS: No statistical difference between MRI-measured and BIA-derived SM was observed (difference of −0.44 ± 1.55 kg, P=.08). The prevalence of sarcopenia in was 18.6% in elderly women and 23.6% in elderly men.
CONCLUSION: Estimation of SM using a BIA equation was validated in Taiwanese volunteers. It was confirmed that sarcopenia is an emerging health problem in the aging population in Taiwan.