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Setting the Stage for a New Strategic Plan for Geriatrics and Extended Care in the Veterans Health Administration: Summary of the 2008 VA State of the Art Conference, “The Changing Faces of Geriatrics and Extended Care: Meeting the Needs of Veterans in the Next Decade”


  • The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the authors and those shared by presenters at the conference described, and do not reflect official policy of the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs or its leadership.

  • 1The SOTA Planning Committee: Pamela S. Bergbigler, MS; Dan Berlowitz, MD; Paula Hemmings, RN, MSN; Bradley Karlin, PhD; Rivkah Lindenfeld, RN, PhD; Teresa Mathis, MBA, CRA; Miriam Morey, PhD; Maurice A. Mufson, MD; Dwight Nelson, MSW; Donna I. Regenstreif, PhD; Judith Salerno, MD, MS; Heather Tompkins, MSW; and Lesa Woodby, PhD, MPH.

Address correspondence to Kenneth Shay, VA Central Office (114), 810 Vermont Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20420. E-mail:


The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) assumed an early leadership role in focusing on care of elderly adults. In 1998, the Federal Advisory Committee on the Future of VA Long-Term Care, appointed by the VA Undersecretary for Health, recommended redirection of VA's extended care programs toward noninstitutional forms. A decade later, VA's Office of Geriatrics and Extended Care (GEC) initiated a strategic planning process by convening experts in geriatrics and health care, policy, and finance in Virginia on March 25 to 27, 2008, to present to VA clinicians and clinical managers the “State of the Art” of VA GEC.

Recurring clinical themes included rising numbers and complexity of aging veterans, recent addition of younger veterans to VA's extended care mix, challenges that dementia and mental illness exert throughout GEC, and need for seamlessness in delivery of care across multiple venues. Ongoing research efforts quantifying demand and resources and validating models of care will remain indispensible for meeting clinical challenges.

Serious undersupply of clinicians of all disciplines with general or specialty geriatrics knowledge persists. Much of VA's healthcare workforce and leadership are approaching retirement age, driving the need for new educational approaches, recruitment and retention strategies, and innovative delivery systems. Growing dependence on informal caregivers highlights the need for supporting these partners.

VA's healthcare budget allocation illustrates how national policy dictates systemic, regional, and local clinical decisions. Rehabilitation of the newest veterans is resulting in systemwide efficiencies. Educating and empowering patients and families results in optimized utilization of health resources.

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