Self-Reported Sleep and Nap Habits and Risk of Mortality in a Large Cohort of Older Women
Article first published online: 10 FEB 2009
© 2009, Copyright the Authors. Journal compilation © 2009, The American Geriatrics Society
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Volume 57, Issue 4, pages 604–611, April 2009
How to Cite
Stone, K. L., Ewing, S. K., Ancoli-Israel, S., Ensrud, K. E., Redline, S., Bauer, D. C., Cauley, J. A., Hillier, T. A. and Cummings, S. R. (2009), Self-Reported Sleep and Nap Habits and Risk of Mortality in a Large Cohort of Older Women. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 57: 604–611. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2008.02171.x
- Issue published online: 2 APR 2009
- Article first published online: 10 FEB 2009
- sleep duration;
OBJECTIVES: To determine the association between self-reported sleep and nap habits and mortality in a large cohort of older women.
DESIGN: Study of Osteoporotic Fractures prospective cohort study.
SETTING: Four communities within the United States.
PARTICIPANTS: Eight thousand one hundred one Caucasian women aged 69 and older (mean age 77.0).
MEASUREMENTS: Sleep and nap habits were assessed using a questionnaire at the fourth clinic visit (1993/94). Deaths during 7 years of follow-up were confirmed with death certificates. Underlying cause of death was assigned according to the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification.
RESULTS: In multivariate models, women who reported napping daily were 44% more likely to die from any cause (95% confidence interval (CI)=1.23–1.67), 58% more likely to die from cardiovascular causes (95% CI=1.25–2.00), and 59% more likely to die from noncardiovascular noncancer causes (95% CI=1.24–2.03) than women who did not nap daily. This relationship remained significant in relatively healthy women (those who reported no comorbidities). Women who slept 9 to 10 hours per 24 hours were at greater risk of death from cardiovascular and other (noncardiovascular, noncancer) causes than those who reported sleeping 8 to 9 hours.
CONCLUSION: Older women who reported napping daily or sleeping at least 9 hours per 24 hours are at greater risk of death from all causes except cancer. Future research could determine whether specific sleep disorders contribute to these relationships.