OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of multifactorial fall prevention in community-dwelling people aged 65 and older in Denmark.
DESIGN: Randomized, controlled clinical trial.
SETTING: Geriatric outpatient clinic at Glostrup University Hospital.
PARTICIPANTS: Three hundred ninety-two elderly people, mean age 74, 73.7% women, who had visited the emergency department or had been hospitalized due to a fall.
INTERVENTION: Identification of general medical, cardiovascular, and physical risk factors for falls and individual intervention in the intervention group. Participants in the control group received usual care.
MEASUREMENTS: Falls were registered prospectively in falls diaries, with monthly telephone calls for collection of data. Outcomes were fall rates and proportion of participants with falls, frequent falls, and injurious falls in 12 months.
RESULTS: Groups were comparable at baseline. Follow-up exceeded 90.0%. A total of 422 falls were registered in the intervention group, 398 in the control group. Intention-to-treat analysis revealed no effect of the intervention on fall rates (relative risk=1.06, 95% confidence interval (CI)=0.75–1.51), proportion with falls (odds ratio (OR)=1.20, 95% CI 0.81–1.79), frequent falls (OR=0.97, 95% CI=0.60–1.56), or injurious falls (OR=0.97, 95% CI=0.57–1.62).
CONCLUSION: A program of multifactorial fall prevention aimed at elderly Danish people experiencing at least one injurious fall was not effective in preventing further falls.