• cognitive function;
  • IGF-1;
  • IGFBP-1

OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between insulinlike growth factor (IGF)-1 and IGF binding protein (IGFBP)-1 with three cognitive function tests in a healthy elderly population.

DESIGN: Cross-sectional analyses from the Rancho Bernardo Cohort Study.

SETTING: Southern California community of Rancho Bernardo.

PARTICIPANTS: Men (n=636) and women (n=899) from the Rancho Bernardo study (median age 74) were assessed between 1988 and 1992 for cognitive function using the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Verbal Fluency (VF) test, and Trail-Making Test Part B (Trails B). Blood samples were obtained at the same time for IGF-1 and IGFBP-1 levels. The association between biomarkers and cognitive function tests was assessed by dichotomizing tests at the clinically relevant cutoff using logistic regression and according to tertiles and continuous IGF-1 and IGFBP-1 levels using multivariate linear regression analyses.

RESULTS: The mean MMSE, VF and Trails B scores indicated better cognitive function with higher IGF-1 tertile. Multivariate analyses showed that VF and MMSE were each significantly associated with IGF-1 in a dose-response manner for men (P for trend=.001), but no cognitive function tests were related to IGF-1 in women. For men, the highest IGFBP-1 tertile was inversely and significantly different from the lowest tertile for the MMSE test only (P for trend=.02).

CONCLUSION: IGF-1 was independently and positively related to MMSE and VF in men, and IGFBP-1 was inversely associated with MMSE in men. Sex differences in the association should be further investigated.