• 1
    McBean M, Rajamani S. Increasing rates of hospitalization due to septicemia in the US elderly population, 1986–1997. J Infect Dis 2001;183:596603.
  • 2
    Gavazzi G, Mallaret MR, Couturier P et al. Bloodstream infection: Difference between young-old, old and old-old patients. J Am Geriatr Soc 2002;50:16671673.
  • 3
    Leibovici L, Pitlik SD, Konisberger H et al. Bloodstream infection in patients older than eighty years. Age Ageing 1993;22:431442.
  • 4
    Lee CC, Chen SY, Chang IJ et al. Comparison of clinical manifestations and outcome of community-acquired bloodstream infections among the oldest old, elderly, and adult patients. Medicine 2007;86:138144.
  • 5
    Malani PN, Rana MM, Banerjee M et al. Staphylococcus aureus bloodstream infections: The association between age and mortality and functional status. J Am Geriatr Soc 2008;56:14851489.
  • 6
    Blot SI, Vanderwoude KH, Hoste EA et al. Outcome and attributable mortality in critically ill patients with bacteremia involving methicillin-suceptible and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Arch Intern Med 2002;162:22292235.
  • 7
    Cosgrove SE, Sakoulas G, Perencevich EN et al. Comparison of mortality associated with methicillin-resistant and methicillin susceptible Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia: A meta-analysis. Clin Infect Dis 2003;36:5359.
  • 8
    McClelland RS, Fowler VG, Sanders LL. Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia among elderly vs. younger adult patients: Comparison of clinical features and mortality. Arch Intern Med 1999;159:12441247.
  • 9
    Tacconelli E, Pop-Vicas AE, D'Agata EMC. Increased mortality among elderly patients with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia. J Hosp Infect 2006;64:251256.
  • 10
    Bradley SF. Staphylococcus aureus infections and antibiotic resistance in older adults. Clin Infect Dis 2002;34:211216.
  • 11
    Charlson ME, Pompei P, Ales KL et al. A new method for classifying prognostic comorbidity in longitudinal studies: Development and validation. J Chronic Dis 1987;40:373383.
  • 12
    Horan TC, Gaynes RP, Martone WJ et al. CDC definitions of nosocomial surgical site infections, 1992: A modification of CDC definitions of surgical wounds. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 1991;13:606608.
  • 13
    Durante-Mangoni E, Bradley S, Selton-Suty C et al. Current features of infective endocarditis in elderly patients: Results of the International Collaboration on Endocarditis Prospective Cohort Study. Arch Intern Med 2008;168:20952103.
  • 14
    Fowler VG, Miro JM, Hoen B et al. Staphylococcus aureus endocarditis: A consequence of medical progress. From the International Collaboration on Endocarditis Prospective Cohort Study. JAMA 2005;293:30123021.
  • 15
    Fowler VG Jr, Li J, Corey GR et al. Role of echocardiography in evaluation of patients with Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia: Experience in 103 patients. J Am Coll Cardiol 1997;30:10721078.
  • 16
    David TE, Gavra G, Feindel CM et al. Surgical treatment of active infective endocarditis: A continued challenge. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2007;133:144149.
  • 17
    Perl TM, Cullen JJ, Wenzel RP et al. Intranasal mupirocin to prevent postoperative Staphylococcus aureus infection. N Engl J Med 2002;346:18711870.
  • 18
    Segers P, Speekenbrink RG, Ubbink DT et al. Prevention of nosocomial infection in cardiac surgery by decontamination of the nasopharynx and oropharynx with chlorhexidine gluconate: A randomized controlled trial. JAMA 2006;296:24602466.
  • 19
    Anderson DJ, Chen LF, Schmader KE et al. Poor functional status as a risk factor for surgical site infection due to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2008;29:832839.
  • 20
    Olsson C, Tammelin A, Thelin S. Staphylococcus aureus bloodstream infection after cardiac surgery: Risk factors and outcome. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2006;27:8385.
  • 21
    Malani PN. Debility and the risk for surgical site infections: Defining the next steps. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2008;29:840841.
  • 22
    Shurland S, Zhan M, Bradham DD et al. Comparison of mortality risk associated with bacteremia due to methicillin-resistant and methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2007;28:273279.
  • 23
    Chang FY, MacDonald BB, Peacock JE et al. A prospective multicenter study of Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia: Incidence of endocarditis, risk factors for mortality, and clinical impact of methicillin resistance. Medicine 2003;82:322332.
  • 24
    Deulofeu F, Cervello B, Capell S et al. Predictors of mortality in patients with bacteremia: The importance of functional status. J Am Geriatr Soc 1998;46:1418.
  • 25
    Torres OH, Munoz J, Ruiz D et al. Outcome predictors of pneumonia in elderly patients: Importance of functional assessment. J Am Geriatr Soc 2004;52:16031609.