• care management;
  • Medicaid waiver;
  • home bound;
  • Medicaid dually eligible

In an era of widespread state budget constraints, Florida has been increasingly challenged to provide long-term care services to a growing population of older dependent persons. The high costs of nursing home care have led the state to implement care management alternatives that offer potential for cost savings along with greater consumer satisfaction through maintenance of community residence. Although these alternative care approaches represent important opportunities to contain costs, it is equally important that professional care providers and policymakers understand how such programs operate. Here the Florida experience with eight home and community-based waiver models, in addition to the Program of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly, are summarized and a comparative analysis offered that may enlighten the efforts of other states to establish cost-effective and attractive care management models.