OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) and all-cause mortality of Chinese residents in long-term care facilities in Taiwan.
DESIGN: Prospective cohort study.
SETTING: Eight long-term care facilities in Taiwan.
PARTICIPANTS: Three hundred fifty-four residents aged 60 and older (median 78.4, range 60–101; 156 men, 198 women) were recruited during the study period.
MEASUREMENTS: Anthropometrics and metabolic parameters were measured at baseline. Mean BMI was 21.7±4.2 kg/m2 (range 11.6–35.3 kg/m2, and mean WC was 82.4±10.9 cm (range 55.0–124.0 cm). Mortality data were from the Department of Health in Taiwan.
RESULTS: There were 219 deaths during the 5 years of follow-up. After adjusting for age, sex, albumin, Karnofsky performance status scale, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus, subjects in the highest quartile of BMI (27.3± 2.8 kg/m2) and WC (96.7±7.4 cm) had a significantly lower mortality rate than did subjects in the lowest quartile (BMI, 16.7±1.7 kg/m2; WC, 69.6±4.2 cm). After further stratification according to central obesity status, the subjects in the two highest BMI quartiles had a lower mortality rate than those in the lowest BMI quartile but only in the central obesity group (≥90 cm in men or ≥80 cm in women). The adjusted relative risk for all-cause mortality in the highest versus lowest BMI quartile was 0.17 (95% confidence interval=0.05–0.57).
CONCLUSION: BMI and WC were negative predictors for all-cause mortality in older Chinese adults living in long-term care facilities. Participants with higher WC and BMI had lower all-cause mortality.