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Does Nonresponse Bias the Results of Retrospective Surveys of End-of-Life Care?
Article first published online: 18 NOV 2010
© 2010, Copyright the Authors. Journal compilation © 2010, The American Geriatrics Society
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Volume 58, Issue 12, pages 2381–2386, December 2010
How to Cite
Casarett, D., Smith, D., Breslin, S. and Richardson, D. (2010), Does Nonresponse Bias the Results of Retrospective Surveys of End-of-Life Care?. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 58: 2381–2386. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2010.03175.x
- Issue published online: 9 DEC 2010
- Article first published online: 18 NOV 2010
- end-of-life care;
- quality improvement;
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of nonresponse bias on reports of the quality of end-of-life care that older adults receive.
DESIGN: Nationwide retrospective survey of end-of-life care.
SETTING: Sixty-two Veterans Affairs Medical Centers.
PARTICIPANTS: Patients were eligible if they died in a participating facility. One family member per patient was selected from medical records and invited to participate.
MEASUREMENTS: The telephone survey included 14 items describing important aspects of the patient's care in the last month of life. Scores (0–100) reflect the percentage of items for which the family member reported that the patient received the best possible care, and a global item defined the proportion of families who said the patient received “excellent” care. To examine the effect of nonresponse bias, a model was created to predict the likelihood of response based on patient and family characteristics; then this model was used to apply weights that were equivalent to the inverse of the probability of response for that individual.
RESULTS: Interviews were completed with family members of 3,897 of 7,110 patients (55%). Once results were weighted to account for nonresponse bias, the change in mean individual scores was 2% of families reporting “excellent” care. Of the 62 facilities in the sample, the scores of only 19 facilities (31%) changed more than 1% in either direction, and only 10 (16%) changed more than 2%.
CONCLUSION: Although nonresponse bias is a theoretical concern, it does not appear to have a significant effect on the facility-level results of this retrospective family survey.