Oral Feeding Options for People with Dementia: A Systematic Review
Article first published online: 10 MAR 2011
© 2011, Copyright the Authors. Journal compilation © 2011, The American Geriatrics Society
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Volume 59, Issue 3, pages 463–472, March 2011
How to Cite
Hanson, L. C., Ersek, M., Gilliam, R. and Carey, T. S. (2011), Oral Feeding Options for People with Dementia: A Systematic Review. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 59: 463–472. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2011.03320.x
- Issue published online: 10 MAR 2011
- Article first published online: 10 MAR 2011
- oral feeding
To review the benefits of oral feeding options in people with dementia.
DESIGN: Systematic literature search with review of potentially eligible studies by two independent investigators.
SETTING: PubMed/MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, CINAHL, and PsychINFO literature indices between January 1990 and October 2009.
PARTICIPANTS: Clinical trials with random or nonrandom control groups were included if they reported on clinical outcomes of oral feeding interventions for people with dementia.
MEASUREMENTS: Investigators abstracted data from included studies using a structured instrument. Studies were graded on quality and potential bias, and overall strength of evidence was summarized.
RESULTS: Thirteen controlled trials provided data on use of supplements for people with dementia, and 12 controlled trials tested assisted feeding or other interventions. Studies provide moderate-strength evidence for high-calorie supplements, and low-strength evidence for appetite stimulants, assisted feeding, and modified foods to promote weight gain in people with dementia. The few studies measuring function or survival showed no difference.
CONCLUSION: High-calorie supplements and other oral feeding options can help people with dementia with feeding problems to gain weight; they are unlikely to improve other outcomes. These treatments can be offered alone or in combination as an alternative to tube feeding.