Influence of Prior Pneumococcal and Influenza Vaccination on Outcomes of Older Adults with Community-Acquired Pneumonia
Article first published online: 1 AUG 2011
© 2011, Copyright the Authors. Journal compilation © 2011, The American Geriatrics Society
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Volume 59, Issue 9, pages 1711–1716, September 2011
How to Cite
Manzur, A., Izquierdo, C., Ruiz, L., Sousa, D., Bayas, J.-M., Celorrio, J.-M., Varona, W., Nebot, M., Salleras, L., Domínguez, A., Carratalà, J. and for the Working Group for the Study of Prevention of Community-Acquired Pneumonia in the Elderly (2011), Influence of Prior Pneumococcal and Influenza Vaccination on Outcomes of Older Adults with Community-Acquired Pneumonia. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 59: 1711–1716. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2011.03541.x
- Issue published online: 19 SEP 2011
- Article first published online: 1 AUG 2011
- pneumococcal vaccination;
- influenza vaccination;
- community-acquired pneumonia
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether prior pneumococcal and seasonal influenza vaccination improves outcomes in older adults hospitalized for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP).
DESIGN: Prospective, observational, multicenter study.
SETTING: Five public hospitals providing universal free care to the whole population in three Spanish regions.
PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 65 and older admitted to the hospital with CAP through the emergency department.
MEASUREMENTS: Pneumococcal and influenza vaccination status. The primary study outcomes were intensive care unit (ICU) admission, length of hospital stay (LOS), and overall case-fatality rate. Outcome variables of individuals vaccinated with both vaccines were compared with outcomes of those who were unvaccinated.
RESULTS: Two hundred thirty-eight individuals had received 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine and seasonal influenza vaccination and were compared with 195 unvaccinated individuals. No differences were found with respect to combined antibiotic therapy between groups (38.0% vs 39.7%; P=.80). Similar percentages of vaccinated and unvaccinated individuals required ICU admission (7.2% vs 8.2%; P=.69). Mean LOS was significantly shorter in vaccinated individuals (9.9 vs 12.4 days; P=.04). Overall case-fatality rates were similar in both groups (5.9% vs 5.1%; P=.73). After adjustment, LOS, risk of ICU admission, and overall case-fatality rate were not associated with prior pneumococcal and seasonal influenza vaccination.
CONCLUSION: The clinical outcomes of vaccinated older adults hospitalized with CAP were not better than those observed in unvaccinated individuals.