Metabolic Complications in Elderly Adults with Chronic Kidney Disease
Article first published online: 27 JAN 2012
© 2012, Copyright the Authors Journal compilation © 2012, The American Geriatrics Society
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Volume 60, Issue 2, pages 310–315, February 2012
How to Cite
Drawz, P. E., Babineau, D. C. and Rahman, M. (2012), Metabolic Complications in Elderly Adults with Chronic Kidney Disease. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 60: 310–315. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2011.03818.x
- Issue published online: 14 FEB 2012
- Article first published online: 27 JAN 2012
- National Institutes of Health (NIH). Grant Number: K23DK087919 P.E.D.
- National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDKD)
- chronic renal insufficiency;
To determine whether elderly adults with a low glomerular filtration rate (GFR) are at risk for anemia, hyperkalemia, acidosis, and hyperphosphatemia.
Veterans Affairs Medical Center.
Thirteen thousand eight hundred seventy-four veterans aged 65 and older with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and a GFR between 15 and 60 mL/min per 1.73 m2. Their average age was 79.
Anemia was defined as a hemoglobin level of less than 10 g/dL, hyperkalemia as a potassium level greater than 5.5 mEq/L, acidosis as a bicarbonate level of less than 21 mEq/L, and hyperphosphatemia as a phosphorus level greater than 4.6 mg/dL. Multivariable logistic regression was used to evaluate whether age modifies the effect of low GFR on metabolic complications by including an interaction term between age and GFR in each model.
The average GFR of participants was 46.5 mL/min per 1.73m2, 3.1% had anemia, 2.5% hyperkalemia, 2.3% acidosis, and 4.4% had hyperphosphatemia. Lower GFR was associated with higher rates of metabolic complications across all age groups (odds ratio per 5-mL/min per 1.73 m2 decrease in GFR in multivariable models was 1.21 for anemia, 1.26 for hyperkalemia, 1.45 for acidosis, and 1.72 for hyperphosphatemia). There was no significant interaction between age and GFR in models including only age and GFR or in multivariable models (P-values for age by GFR interaction term: 0.66 for anemia, 0.19 for hyperkalemia, 0.54 for acidosis, and 0.22 for hyperphosphatemia).
Elderly adults with CKD are at risk for anemia, hyperkalemia, acidosis, and hyperphosphatemia; age does not modify the relationship between GFR and development of metabolic complications. Elderly adults with low GFR should be monitored for metabolic complications, regardless of age.